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National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

Abyssinian Meeting House

Abyssinian Meeting House

Portland, Maine

The Abyssinian Meeting House is a simple wood-frame building constructed between 1828 and 1831 to serve Portland, Maine’s African American community. Until it closed in 1916, it was the site of religious, social, educational, and cultural events. The congregation was also involved in the political issues of the day, especially those affecting African Americans. Portland was one of the northernmost hubs of the Underground Railroad, and black and white “conductors” provided safe houses and refuge for slaves escaping to Canada.

Photo: Abyssinian Meeting House
– Courtesy Maine Historic Preservation Commission, by Christi Mitchell

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