• Pipe Spring National Monument

    Pipe Spring

    National Monument Arizona

The Courtyard at Winsor Castle

Winsor Castle's courtyard is framed by the two main buildings and gated walls at each end, and is ringed by a wide veranda (porch) on two sides, joined by a narrow catwalk at the west end of the fort. There is no corresponding catwalk across the east gate, but stairs offer access to the south porch.
Lumber for the roofs and verandas was brought from a sawmill located on Mt. Trumbull, nearly 60 miles south of Pipe Spring, near the rim of the Grand Canyon. The lumber had to be hauled to the construction site using wagons and oxen.
Fort Courtyard
The fortified ranch house at Pipe Spring, constructed between 1870 and 1872, was nicknamed Winsor Castle in honor of the ranch's first manager and one of its builders, Anson Perry Winsor.

The sandstone used in building the fortified ranch house was quarried on the hillside just to the west of the fort.
The 10-ft x 12-ft, outward swinging gates at each end of the courtyard could be opened wide to allow entry of the wagons in which the ranchers would haul the cheese and butter produced at the fort to St. George, Utah, some 55 miles away -- a four-day trip by wagon.
veranda
The veranda offered multiple benefits to the ranch families and visitors: shade on hot days, and access to gunports and shooting positions over the walls. It was also a useful place for large objects such as a loom, used by several of the ranch managers' wives to weave rugs and other household items.
touchtable
Today, the courtyard includes a living history table, full of reproduction toys and items the pioneers used in their daily lives. Visitors to the fort are encouraged to touch and play with these items, but not the antique items in the historic fort.

Did You Know?

James Whitmore, and the Pipe Spring Longhorns of today, Whit and Tess

James Whitmore brought 400 longhorns with him from Texas to Utah in the 1850s. On April 13, 1863, Whitmore received a land certificate for a 160-acre tract, which included Pipe Spring.