• High Peaks and Big Berry Manzanita. NPS Photo|Sierra Willoughby


    National Park California

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  • No Fires - Fire Danger EXTREME - No Fuego

    No Fires in the campground, no smoking on the trails. Observe these rules to protect park resources. No se permite fumar en los senderos, tampoco se permite las fogatas en el campamento. Proteja los recursos del parque y respete las advertencias. More »

  • Fee Increase at Pinnacles National Park

    On August 1, 2014 the 7 day entrance pass for Pinnacles National Park will increase to $10 for passenger vehicles and motorcycles; bicycle and pedestrian entry will increase to $5.00. The Pinnacles Annual Pass will increase on August 1 to $20.00. More »

Ammunition Studies

Lead has been studied extensively for over 100 years because of its’ deleterious impacts to life on earth. In fact, lead has not been identified as being essential to any known biological system or cellular process. Conversely, lead causes widespread damage to cells and organs when it is ingested, inhaled, or absorbed in surprisingly small quantities.

Examining Variability Associated with Bullet Fragmentation and Deposition
(pdf, 136 kb)

New Non-Lead Ammunition Coming
(pdf, 145 kb)

Assessment of the Environmental Toxicity and Carcinogenicity of Tungsten-Based Shot
(pdf, 172 kb)

Dissolution of Copper, Tin, and Iron from Sintered Tungsten-Bronze Spheres
(pdf, 397 kb)

Ballistic Injury
(pdf, 391 kb)

What the Experts Say: Testimonials for Barnes Non-lead Bullets
(pdf, 19 kb)

Barnes Triple Shock Review - From realguns.com
(.doc, 430 kb)

Big Game Lead Ammo Debate - Hunter Opinion Piece
(.doc, 39 kb)

Barnes Triple Shot Review - From Safari Club
(.doc, 64 kb)

When the Bullet Hits the Bone - Article from gunsandhunting.com
(.doc, 143 kb)

More Bullet Reviews (Takes you away from nps.gov domain)

Reloaders Nest: Reviews and comments written for the Barnes TSX bullet

Cabelas Customer Reviews for Barnes TSX bullet

Cabelas Customer Reviews for Barnes Tipped TSX bullet

Cabelas Customer Reviews for Nosler E-Tip bullet

Shooting Times Magazine: Shooting the Brand-New e-Tip Bullet

Wo News: New Ammo & Accessories Introduced

American Hunter: Hornady GMX Bullet

Cabelas Customer Reviews for Hornady GMX bullet

Cabelas Customer Reviews for CCI .22 Win. Mag. Speer TNT Green Ammo

Reloaders Nest: Reviews and Comments written for the Barnes MRX bullet

Reloaders Nest: Reviews and Comments written for the Barnes Tipped TSX bullet

Reloaders Nest: Reviews and Comments written for the Barnes Varmint Grenade bullet

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Human Health Literature

Wildlife Health Literature

Return to Scientific Studies page

Return to main Lead page

Did You Know?

A Portrait of President Theodore Roosevelt

Pinnacles, Muir Woods, and the Grand Canyon were all set aside as national monuments in the span of seven days in January 1908 by Teddy Roosevelt.