• Paterson Great Falls

    Paterson Great Falls

    National Historical Park New Jersey

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  • Take a guided walking tour or tune in to the free app.

    Join us for a guided tour held daily at 11AM and 3PM. Meet us at the Alexander Hamilton statue at 72 McBride Avenue. Interested in a self-guided opportunity? Download the free app. Learn more about both options and we'll see you soon. More »

  • Only one portion of the park is closed - Mary Ellen Kramer Park

    Due to a landscape improvement project, a section of the park, Mary Ellen Kramer Park, and the pedestrian bridge crossing the chasm is closed. Project may be completed early in 2015. The Great Falls can still be viewed at Overlook Park, 72 McBride Ave.

History & Culture

Overview

Paterson enjoys a distinguished history as one of this nation's earliest industrial centers. It owes its existence to the far reaching vision of one of America's most important founders, and a shaper of our modern governmental and financial institutions, Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton envisioned Paterson, with its water power provided by the Great Falls of the Passaic River, as America's counterpart and response to the industrial revolution occurring in England during the same period.

Learn more about Paterson's history, watch "Smokestacks and Steeples - A Portrait of Paterson"

 
S.U.M. symbol
S.U.M. (Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures) symbol
Copyright Daniel C. Krebs
 

The history of the City of Paterson includes its beginnings as the ambitious project of Hamilton and the Society for Establishing Useful Manufacturers (S.U.M.) in 1792 at the Great Falls, the early development of water power systems for industrial use, and the various types of manufacturing that occurred in the District's mills into the 20th Century. These included cotton fabrics, railroad locomotives, textile machinery, jute, and silk spinning, weaving, and dyeing, among many others.

The Great Falls also represents compelling stories of the lives of immigrants who labored in the mills, those who owned and operated manufacturing concerns and became wealthy, and the quest of laborers and the labor movement for better working conditions and pay. Immigrants still settle today in Paterson to pursue their versions of Hamilton's vision, creating a diverse and vibrant culture.

Because of this rich legacy, the Great Falls has received a number of distinctions:

National Natural Landmark

The Great Falls of Paterson became a National Natural Landmark in 1967.

The National Natural Landmarks Program encourages and supports the conservation of sites that illustrate the nation's geological and biological history, and to strengthen the public's appreciation of America's natural heritage.

Learn more about the National Natural Landmarks Program

National Historic Landmark

A part of Paterson was designated as a National Historic Landmark District in 1976.

National Historic Landmarks are nationally significant places designated by the Secretary of the Interior because they possess exceptional value or quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States.

Learn more about National Historic Landmarks

Historic Civil Engineering Landmark

The Great Falls raceway and power systems became a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1977.

The Historic Civil Engineering Landmark Program recognizes historically significant local, national, and international civil engineering projects, structures and sites.

Learn more about Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks

Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park

We are one of the newest units within the National Park Service.

On March 30, 2009, President Barack Obama signed the Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park Act as part of the Omnibus Public Lands Management Act.

Read H.R. 146, the "Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009"

You can learn more about all the sites cared for by the National Park Service.

Did You Know?

William Paterson

The city of Paterson was named for William Paterson, the governor of New Jersey who signed the charter for S.U.M.? The city was named before a site for it was chosen! More...