• young visitor petting horse

    Oxon Cove Park & Oxon Hill Farm

    Maryland

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  • Brick Stable closed for restoration

    The historic Brick Stable is currently closed to the public to allow for restoration work. Please call the park at 301-839-0503 with questions.

  • Hay Barn picnic area closed

    The picnic tables in the Hay Barn are closed to the public to allow for restoration work in the Brick Stable. Picnic tables are still open and available near the parking lot. Please call 301-839-1176 with any questions.

  • No public programs on Friday October 31 and Saturday November 1, 2014

    The Park will be open but there will be no public programs on Friday October 31 and Saturday November 1. Meet the Dairy Cow, Wagon Ride, and Chicken & Egg programs will not be happening on these days. Please call the park at 301.839.0503 with questions.

  • Wagon Ride Cancelled Until Further Notice

    Unfortunately, we won't be able to give Wagon Rides for the next few days due to maintenance issues with the wagon.

A Voice Unheard - A Story of Enslavement

living history

Interpreters portraying Minta, Patsy, and child, enslaved women who worked and lived on the Mount Welby plantation.

NPS Photo

From the late 1600s to the early 1800s tobacco, wheat and other crops helped bring prosperity to the slaveholders that owned property that is now Oxon Cove Park. This prosperity came at huge price—bondage, hard labor, and broken families for the enslaved African Americans. No information about the lives of the enslaved people who lived on the Mount Welby plantation survives in their own words. Their voice is still unheard and their stories untold. The wills, letters, and records of the Debutts family tells part of the story, but only from the slaveholders’ point of view. African Americans named George, Edward, Hamilton, Minta, Patsy, and Matilda, among others, lived in bondage on the land. Most able-bodied bondspeople—men, women, and older children—worked in the fields. One or two probably worked as cooks or servants in the main house. Enslaved African Americans considered property by law, and were far the most valuable property after the land itself. A few enslaved people were freed by their owners, usually after years of forced service. Along with their labor, African Americans— free and enslaved—brought their language, skills, food, music, stories, and history to the property, Maryland and the nation.

Did You Know?

Did You Know?

Heifers are female cattle that have never given birth. The picture to the left is Buffy, the Brown Swiss, one of the heifers living on Oxon Hill Farm.