Spruce Railroad Trail Closed from Lyre River Trailhead to Devil’s Punchbowl
The trail will be closed for improvements from the Lyre River TH to approximately 0.25 miles east of Devil’s Punchbowl. Work is expected to be completed by the end of October. The remainder of the trail will be accessible from the Camp David Jr. Road TH. More »
Safety Advisory: Mountain Goats
NPS has received reports of aggressive mountain goats near trails at Hurricane Ridge, Royal Basin, Seven Lakes Basin, Lake of the Angeles, & Grand Pass. Visitors are required to maintain a distance of at least 50 yards from all wildlife. More »
People of the Olympic Peninsula:
Long before Euro-Americans arrived to the peninsula, American Indians were inhabiting the area, living mostly along coasts and river mouths. Three treaties extinguished their land titles, and the vast lands were opened to settlement and development by Euro-Americans. The Olympic Peninsula was America's last frontier of westward expansion in the contiguous 48 states.
Promises of free land and agricultural opportunities brought Euro-Americans to the Olympic Peninsula. By the 1850s, settlement of coastal areas and lowlands had begun and four Indian reservations were established at the mouths of coastal rivers - the Makah, Quillayute, Hoh, and Quinault.
Though American Indians already had a deep knowledge and connection with the land, it was not until the closing years of the 19th century that a documented Euro-American exploration penetrated the Olympic Mountains. They traveled by way of the major river channels on both the east and west sides of the peninsula.
Life was hard and the establishment of the Olympic Forest Reserve persuaded a great deal of the homesteaders to move elsewhere. By 1919 few traces of Euro-American settlement history within the present-day Olympic National Park remained.
Did You Know?
Removal of two dams on the Elwha River is the second largest ecosystem restoration project in the National Park System.