The Samoan archipelago includes the United States Territory of American Samoa and the independent nation of Samoa (formerly Western Samoa).The islands are located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii and 1,800 miles northwest of New Zealand, between Fiji and Tahiti. The Samoan chain stretches east to west for more than 300 miles between 13 and 15 degree south latitude (below the Equator). It is just east of the International Date Line, in the time zone that is one hour earlier than Hawaii.
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American Samoa, the only U.S. territory south of the equator, consists of five rugged, highly eroded volcanic islands and two coral atolls. The land area of the territory is 76 square miles.