When the first Europeans visited Alaska’s shores during the 1740s, all the local residents they met were living a subsistence lifestyle. As the population grew through the territorial days, many new and conflicting demands were made on Alaska’s natural and cultural resources. Development in various forms, such as harvesting marine and inland furbearers, commercial fisheries, mining operations, agriculture, development of military bases, along with establishment of cities and towns often impacted local resources and subsistence activities. By the time Alaska gained statehood in 1959, subsistence patterns in some of Alaska’s more populated areas had been greatly affected.
To learn more about subsistence in Alaska's National Parks click here.
Did You Know?
The Western Arctic caribou herd is comprised of about 370,000 caribou, making it North America’s largest. These “nomads of the north” travel through Noatak National Preserve twice a year during their long trek between southern wintering areas and northern calving grounds.