Five hundred covered wagons rolled northwestward out of Sugar Creek, Illinois on Sunday, March 1, 1846, heading across Iowa toward the Missouri River. The sketchy and oft-revised Mormon plan was to reach and cross the Missouri by mid-April. The bulk of the emigration would develop a string of farm-stations west of the river, to support the next wave of pioneers. Meanwhile, a “swift company” of select men would ride hard over the Rocky Mountains to their final destination to make preparations for a new life in the valley of the Great Salt Lake. The national historic trail route passes through five states from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah. Those portions of the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail authorized by Congress include nearly 1,300 miles of historic trail and resources.
Auto Tour Route driving directions can be found on the Auto Tour Route map pages. These directions take visitors along modern highways that approximate the historic route taken by Mormon wagon trains during the 1846 - 1847 Pioneer trek.
The Links & Resources page will provide useful contact information for local land and/or site managing agencies and organizations along the route. It also has a bibliography of suggested reading materials that will be helpful to understanding the history and significance of this trek.
Suggested Trail Sites to Visit will be of value for first time visitors. These are ten sites along the 1,300 mile route that maintain interpretive facilities or media that will enhance understanding of the trail's history.
Auto Tour Route Interpretive Guides provide a regional interpretive history of the trail through each state and a listing of sites where trail related interpretive media and/or educational programs may be found. Some of these guides have also been published as an electronic publications in Adobe Acrobat Reader PDF format. Other state guides are currently being developed and will be posted as they become available.
Did You Know?
The Pioneer Company of the Mormon immigration to Utah stopped at this point in 1847 to climb it in hopes of locating the famous guiding landmark "Chimney Rock." They named the point "Frogs Head Bluff" because they thought the rock looked much like a giant frog's face.