Plants of the Eastern Broadleaf Forest
Eastern deciduous forests consist of primarily broad-leaved trees that lose their leaves each autumn. There may be a scattering of evergreens in some locations having poorer soils, such as rock outcroppings and wetlands. Wildflower species include spring ephemerals that typically bloom before the trees begin leafing out each spring. Later blooming wildflowers are generally found at the forest's edge and in openings where sunlight reaches the forest floor.
Individual species have preferences to where they grow. For instance, some species will tend to be found in seasonally flooded forests along the river's edge while others will tend to live in drier upland forests.
Visit a floodplain forest: Crosby Farm Regional Park
Visit an upland forest: Battle Creek Regional Park
Did You Know?
The Mississippi River is approximately three feet deep at its headwaters at Lake Itasca and has an average surface speed of 1.2 miles per hour.