• Mississippi National River and Recreation Area


    National River & Recreation Area Minnesota

Plants of the Eastern Broadleaf Forest

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Eastern deciduous forests consist of primarily broad-leaved trees that lose their leaves each autumn. There may be a scattering of evergreens in some locations having poorer soils, such as rock outcroppings and wetlands. Wildflower species include spring ephemerals that typically bloom before the trees begin leafing out each spring. Later blooming wildflowers are generally found at the forest's edge and in openings where sunlight reaches the forest floor.

Individual species have preferences to where they grow. For instance, some species will tend to be found in seasonally flooded forests along the river's edge while others will tend to live in drier upland forests.

Plants of the Eastern Broadleaf Forest

Trees and Shrubs

Bur Oak
Eastern Cottonwood
Silver Maple
Staghorn Sumac
Sugar Maple


Dutchman's Breeches
Large-flowered Bellwort
Poison Ivy
Skunk Cabbage
Virginia Waterleaf
Wild Geranium
Wood Nettle

Invasive Species
Common Buckthorn, Garlic Mustard, Exotic Bush Honeysuckle, Siberian Elm

Visit a floodplain forest: Crosby Farm Regional Park
Visit an upland forest: Battle Creek Regional Park

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