This area has never had a large human population. Most archaeological evidence points to this area being used seasonally, most likely when fish such as steelhead are running in the river. Those who did come to use these resources left their mark in Picture Gorge.
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument doesn't just contain fossils, but also places where traces of the people who have lived here, past and present, remain.
Did You Know?
The wildflowers at the Painted Hills provide abundant sources of food for the monument's many butterfly species.