• Two

    John Day Fossil Beds

    National Monument Oregon

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Hwy. 26 open between Prineville and Mitchell, OR - Updated Wednesday, July 23, 2014

    US26 mile posts 34.8 To 53 is now open to two way traffic with a 35 MPH speed limit. Motorists are required to use headlights in the affected area. Air quality in the area is poor. Follow link for more detailed information. More »


Historic image of people swimming on the John Day River.

The John Day river is still a favorite for swimmers on a hot summer day.

Who was John Day?

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument is named after the river that flows through the area. But how did the river get its name?

John Day was born in Culpeper County, Virginia, about 1770. In 1810, at the age of 40, he joined an overland expedition to establish a fur trading post at the mouth of the Columbia River. The party became divided and widely separated. John Day and Ramsey Crooks eventually reached the mouth of the Mah-hah River along the Columbia, probably in late 1811. While camped there, they were robbed of everything they had, including their clothes. The culprits were likely Native Americans, as there were few other people in Oregon at this time. Day and Crooks were able to reach Astoria (Oregon) in 1812, where Day settled nearby. He would later relocated to Idaho, where he died in 1820.

Following this incident, people traveling along the Columbia River would point out the mouth of the river where John Day was robbed. By the 1850's, the Mah-hah River had been renamed the John Day River.

As far as historians can tell, John Day never found a fossil nor came within 100 miles of the monument that indirectly bears his name.

Did You Know?

Image of fossilized alder leaves

The fossil leaves found at the Painted Hills represent an assemblage of broad-leaf deciduous trees that were growing on the edge of lakes and streams.