Chalmette Battlefield/The Battle of New Orleans
Just downriver from New Orleans in Chalmette is the site of the January 8, 1815, Battle of New Orleans: Chalmette Battlefield. Many people believe that this last great battle of the War of 1812 between the United States and Britain was unnecessary, since the treaty ending the war was signed in late 1814, but the war was not over. The resounding American victory at the Battle of New Orleans soon became a symbol of a new idea: American democracy triumphing over the old European ideas of aristocracy and entitlement. General Andrew Jackson's hastily assembled army had won the day against a battle-hardened and numerically superior British force. Americans took great pride in the victory and for decades celebrated January 8 as a national holiday, just like the Fourth of July.
Click here for a National Park Service history of the battlefield site, The Search for the Lost Riverfront: Historical and Archeological Investigations at the Chalmette Battlefield. The 1985 NPS Historic Resource Study contains site history for both Chalmette Battlefield and Chalmette National Cemetery.
View the Louisiana casualties during the War of 1812 and the Louisiana campaign, including the Battle of New Orleans. Two lists are contained in one pdf: the first is a partial list of Louisiana casualties during the entire War of 1812, the second is casualties from the Louisiana campaign. Note that although the British fleet set sail from Louisiana on January 30, 1815, many men died after that time, probably from wounds sustained or diseases contracted during the campaign. Please note that these lists were produced in 1954; the park welcomes new information---you can send it via the "contact us" link located in the left column.
View troop rosters for the New Orleans campaign, including the Battle of New Orleans. Please note that these lists were compiled at various times---mostly in the 1950s and 1960s---from various sources. If you have new information, please share it with the park. If you are looking for specific names, be sure to search all the different lists contained in the pdf and be sure to look at alternate spellings.
Chalmette National Cemetery
Established in May 1864, Chalmette National Cemetery first served as a final resting place for Union soldiers who died in Louisiana during the Civil War. Now over 15,000 people are buried there, including troops from the War of 1812, the Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II, and the Vietnam War. Follow this link for a history of the national cemetery, a map to gravesites, and more.
Did You Know?
Vultures do not have many predators. If an enemy does approach, the vulture will face its enemy and vomit. This inventive bird also has a unique way to stay cool: it urinates on its legs. The urine also helps kill any germs picked up while standing on a carcass.