• A View of the Horseshoe Bend Battlefield.

    Horseshoe Bend

    National Military Park Alabama

Suggested Reading

Tecumseh: a Life. John Sugden. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1997.

A New Order of Things: Property, Power, and the Transformation of the Creek Indians, 1733-1816. Claudio Saunt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

The Road to Disappearance. Angie Debo. Norman: university of Oklahoma Press, 1941.

The Southeastern Indians. Charles Hudson. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1976.

The Old Southwest, 1795-1830: Frontiers in Conflict. Thomas D. Clark and John d. w. Guice. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Amateurs, to Arms! A Military History of the War of 1812. John R. Elting. Chapel Hill: Algonguin Books, 1991.

The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict. Donald R. Hickey. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

Andrew Jackson and the Creek War: Victory at the Horseshoe. James W. Holland. Tuscaloosa and London: The University of Alabama Press, 1968.

Creek Indian History: A Historical Narrative of the Genealogy, Traditions and Downfall of the Ispocoga or Creek Indians. George Stiggins. Birmingham: Birmingham Public Library Press, 1989.

The Correspondence of Andrew Jackson. Volumes 1 and 2. John S. Basset and J. Franklin Jameson, editors. Washingto, DC: Carnegie Institution, 1926-1935.

Deerskins and Duffels: The Creek Indian Trade with Anglo-America, 1685-1815. Kathryn E. Holland Braund. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.

McIntosh and Weatherford, Creek Indian Leaders. Benjamin Griffith. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1988.

The Creek War of 1813 and 1814. H. S. Halbert and T. H. Ball. University of Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1969.

Encyclopedia of the War of 1812. David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Denver: ABC-CLIO, 1997.

Sacred Revolt: The Muskogees' Struggle for a New World. Joel W. Martin. Boston: Beacon Press, 1991.

Struggle for the Gulf Borderlands: The Creek War and the Battle of New Orleans, 1812-1815. Frank L. Owsley, Jr. Tuscaloosa and London: The University of Alabama Press, 2000.

Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire. Robert V. Remini. New York: Harper and Row, 1977.

The Southern Indians and Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1816. Florette Henri. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Cherokee Tragedy: The Ridge Family and the Decimation of a People. Thurman Wilkins. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Jackson's Way: Andrew Jackson and the People of the Western Waters. John Buchanan. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2001.

Did You Know?

Tohopeka Village at Horseshoe Bend

By the second half of the 18th Century, Creek Indians supplied as many as 200,000 deerskins to Britain on an annual basis. More...