• Beach walkway to white sandy beach and bluegreen waters

    Gulf Islands

    National Seashore FL,MS

Fort Massachusetts

Graceful red brick arches form the interior of Fort Massachusetts.
Fort Massachusetts
NPS photo
 

Historic Fort Massachusetts is on West Ship Island, a barrier island 12 miles off the Mississippi Coast. The island is accessible only by private boat or passenger ferry.

Rangers will present a variety of programs including fort talks and island walks. For more information call 228-875-9057 x 4100.

Fort Massachusetts was built on Ship Island for national defense. Both domestic and foreign powers recognized the strategic significance of the natural deep water harbor on the north side of the island. After lengthy debate fort construction began in the summer of 1859. Storms, disease, climate, isolation and the Civil War made construction on this remote barrier island a challenge. Construction on Fort Massachusetts halted in 1866 although the fort was not fully completed.

The fort has not only withstood actions of war but also the more subtle enemies of time and neglect. The devastating and powerful Hurricanes Camille (1969) and Katrina (2005) washed over and through the building but failed to significantly undermine the structure.

Did You Know?

Two Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins ride the bow wave of the wooden passenger ferry.

Did you know that two thirds of Gulf Islands National Seashore is under water? The largest, most common, mammal in this underwater realm is the Atlantic bottlenose dolphin.