The Barry/Baker tunnel on Bunker Road will be closed for maintenance during the weeks of 6/2 and 6/9. The tunnel will be open on the weekends. Please use Conzelman Road instead. More »
Muir Beach Overlook closure
The Muir Beach Overlook will be closed for Accessibility improvements and trail upgrades from June 2 through July 21. Alternate viewpoints are available along Highway 1 between there and Stinson Beach.
Major Dana Crissy
PARC, Golden Gate
Crissy's Dream of Flying
Crissy Field, located in the Presidio of San Francisco, is named after Major Dana H. Crissy. In the early 1900s, Presidio coast artilleryman Dana H. Crissy was full of ambition and fascinated by the new invention of human flight. Imagine the sensation of being lifted into the air, just above the ground, and magically transported somewhere else. At that time, air travel was a very new concept and, as with many new technologies, people seriously doubted its possibilities. Most did not believe a person could fly in the air and safely return to the ground. Crissy's dream was to fly airplanes, in in doing so, prove to the world that air travel advancements made it an effective, reliable, and, most importantly, a safe mode of transportation.
By 1917, he was pursuing his dream when he transferred to the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps. He became a Major and the Commander of the Mather Air Field in Sacramento. This promotion put him in an excellent position to participate in the Army's most important long-distance demonstration flight to date. Crissy wanted to be involved in a flight that would challenge the equipment, test the skills and endurance of the pilots, and defy the public's uncertainty.
PARC, Golden Gate
The Army's First Trancontinental Race
In October 1919, a new fledgling Presidio airfield hosted the Army's First Transcontinental Reliability and Endurance Test across North America. Sixty-one aircraft participated; 46 flying westbound from Long Island, New York and 15 flying eastbound from the new airfield. The goal was to see who could land on the opposite coast first. The opportunity complimented Major Crissy's dream. He embraced the test's challenges and became one of the 15 pilots racing towards the East.
After 24 grueling hours of flying-time in an open cockpit and being exposed to the chilly autumn air, the first plane arrived on the West Coast. But this was not enough to earn success. The tragedies outweighed the victories. Of the 61 aircraft participating, only nine men actually completed the transcontinental flight. Most planes dropped out somewhere along the route due to mechanical difficulties, poor flying conditions, or minor accidents. Major Dana H. Crissy was not so lucky. He and his observer, Sgt. 1st Class V. Thomas, were killed the first day out of San Francisco while trying to land their De Havilland DH-4 airplane near Salt Lake City, Utah. The loss of their lives for a demonstration flight was devastating.
In Honor of Major Dana Crissy
Air officer and friend Colonel "Hap" Arnold was moved by the sacrifice Major Crissy made in pursuing his dream to promote air travel and honored him by naming the new West Coast airfield after him. Over 80 years later, the airplanes have been replaced by park visitors, joggers, and sailboarders, but the name Crissy Field remains. The next time you look up into the skies, you may catch a glimpse of where Major Crissy's dream has taken us…almost anywhere in the world in less than 24 hours.
Text written by Margaret Styles, National Park Service
Did You Know?
Alcatraz Island is the site of a large colony of Western Gulls (Larus occidentalis), the gull species that inhabits the Oregon and California coast. Individuals mate for life and come together each year on Alcatraz to defend their historic territory and raise three chicks.