• Mt Reynolds

    Glacier

    National Park Montana

Biodiversity

Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park is rich in biodiversity, that is, in total variety of plants, animals and micro-organisms. The park is located at the crossroads of several different biological communities. Plants and animals more often associated with parts of northern Canada, the Pacific Coast, and the prairies to the east, mingle here with alpine and Rocky Mountain plants and animals. The result is a mixture of plants and animals that do not usually live together and higher numbers of species than less complex areas.

Number of Species in Glacier National Park and Waterton Lakes National Park

Group
Lichens: 275 (GNP), 220 (WLNP)
Bryophytes (mosses & liverworts): 400 (GNP), 190 (WLNP)
Vascular plants: 1150 (GNP), 970 (WLNP)

Vertebrates
Fish: 24 (GNP), 24 (WLNP)
Reptiles & Amphibians: 8 (GNP), 10 (WLNP)
Birds 272 (GNP), 260 (WLNP)
Mammals 63 (GNP), 60 (WLNP)

Did You Know?

Lake McDonald

Lake McDonald is the largest lake in the park with a length of 10 miles and a depth of 472 feet. The glacier that carved the Lake McDonald valley is estimated to have been around 2,200 feet thick.