War For Freedom
African American Experiences in the Era of the Civil War
A Web-based Curriculum
Charleston, South Carolina provides an excellent setting to teach students about several key concepts in the study of slavery and freedom in the United States. In this unit focused on the experiences of African Americans, and primarily the slave population in Charleston and the surrounding area, students will learn:
• There was a wide variety of experiences of enslavement before and during the Civil War.
• The Civil War had direct impact on the experiences of the enslaved, including their attempts to achieve freedom.
• Slavery included dual dynamics of control and resistance – slave owners and slave society tried to control the enslaved, who in turn demonstrated a wide variety of forms of resistance. During the Civil War, new opportunities for resistance developed.
• Enslaved and free African Americans resisted slavery in ways that sometimes helped the Union army, although their actions were not always supported by the Union army.
Curriculum Materials (high bandwidth)
Curriculum Materials (low bandwidth)
- Learning Activities
Did You Know?
Union Maj. Robert Anderson, commanding Fort Sumter, and Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, commanding Charleston's forces during the first battle of the Civil War, knew each other since the 1830s. Anderson was Beauregard's artillery instructor at West Point. Fort Sumter National Monument, SC