• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

Glazed Red Earthenware Jar

large earthenware jug that shows fragments pieced together
Glazed Red Earthenware Jar
 

Glazed Red Earthenware Jar
Accession # 8
approx. 9" H x 8" diameter
circa late 18th - mid 19th century

This jar has a matted lead glaze exterior and shows signs of wheel marks. The interior is unglazed and the paste is porous.

The jar was found at Belle Point, site of the first Fort Smith. It was found near other items that date from the late 18th century.

Redware, or red earthenware, is perhaps one of the most common type of pottery, having been created by people in prehistoric America, ancient Egypt, and throughout Europe. Red clay can be found almost everywhere and so is easily accessible to potters.

In late 18th and early 19th century United States, basic utilitarian jars, jugs, cups, plates, and pitchers were usually redware. By the 1880s, mass-marketed goods replaced much of the redware.

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Did You Know?

Trail of Tears Routes

The Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, (Muscogee) Creek and Seminole Indian tribes were forcibly moved to Indian Territory on what became known as the Trail of Tears. The Arkansas River served as a water route to Fort Smith where they received supplies before crossing the river into Indian Territory.