• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

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Rifle Regiment Button

 
Rifle Regiment button showing a bugle, bell to the left, with circular bend, mouthpiece horizontal, the word “Rifle” within the bend, 13 five point stars in two arcs above. Pattern (die) lines tend towards diffuse. 20 mm in diameter.
Collection FOSM
Rifle Regiment Button
 

Rifle Regiment Button
excavated at Belle Point, site of the first Fort Smith
c. 1815-1821

Several buttons like this were found in the 1960s archeological excavation of the site of the First Fort Smith. The fort was established in 1817 by the US Regiment of Rifles. The buttons would have been sewn on the fringed, green linen frocks worn by the soldiers of the Rifle Regiment.

The main element on the metal button is the bugle, commonly associated with the Rifle Regiment. 13 five point stars are arranged in two arcs above the bugle.

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Did You Know?

Trail of Tears Routes

The Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, (Muscogee) Creek and Seminole Indian tribes were forcibly moved to Indian Territory on what became known as the Trail of Tears. The Arkansas River served as a water route to Fort Smith where they received supplies before crossing the river into Indian Territory.