• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

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    Traveling West on I-40? To avoid construction delays, do not take Exit 7 (I-540 S). Stay on I-40 west and take Exit 1 Dora. Stay on Hwy 64D for 6 miles and follow signs to Fort Smith. After crossing over the river, turn right on 4th ST & right on Garland. More »

Ceramic Ink Bottle

detail on bottle bearing maker's mark
Collection FOSM
Ceramic Ink Bottle
19th century stone bottle found during an archeological excavation in near perfect condition

Ceramic Ink Bottle

Excavated near foundation of courthouse at 75" below surface on 4/21/97.


This stoneware, made near Derby in England, has a smooth, highly vitrified fabric, which is gray in color. The interior of the ware is light brown to buff colored. The fine brown exterior color and surface appearance is a reaction of the clay and the salt glazing during the firing process.

The date range for this stoneware is 1800-1875+

Manufacturing information was impressed into the wet clay.

Vitreous Stone Bottle

J. Bourne & Son,


Derby Pottery,

Near Derby


P.& J. Arnold


Click here to view a larger image of the manufacturing information.

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Did You Know?

Trail of Tears Routes

The Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, (Muscogee) Creek and Seminole Indian tribes were forcibly moved to Indian Territory on what became known as the Trail of Tears. The Arkansas River served as a water route to Fort Smith where they received supplies before crossing the river into Indian Territory.