• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

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Prehistoric Flint Hoe

prehistoric flint hoe
Prehistoric Flint Hoe
2 1/4" length
Accession# 8 1964

Prehistoric Flint Hoe

This chipped flint hoe was found during an archeological excavation at Belle Point, overlooking the Arkansas and Poteau Rivers. It is characteristic of the hoes found at Caddoan and Mississippian period sites and was therefore made and used after 900 C.E. (Common Era)

The characteristic sheen or "corn gloss" is a result of its use in digging in the soil. The cutting edge of this hoe has been broken, possibly as a result of striking an object in the ground.

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Did You Know?

Trail of Tears Routes

The Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, (Muscogee) Creek and Seminole Indian tribes were forcibly moved to Indian Territory on what became known as the Trail of Tears. The Arkansas River served as a water route to Fort Smith where they received supplies before crossing the river into Indian Territory.