• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

Prehistoric Flint Hoe

prehistoric flint hoe
Prehistoric Flint Hoe
2 1/4" length
Accession# 8 1964

Prehistoric Flint Hoe

This chipped flint hoe was found during an archeological excavation at Belle Point, overlooking the Arkansas and Poteau Rivers. It is characteristic of the hoes found at Caddoan and Mississippian period sites and was therefore made and used after 900 C.E. (Common Era)

The characteristic sheen or "corn gloss" is a result of its use in digging in the soil. The cutting edge of this hoe has been broken, possibly as a result of striking an object in the ground.

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Did You Know?

Interior of jail cell with box for prisoners to visit with their lawyers

The conditions at the federal jail at Fort Smith were so horrible that it received the nickname "Hell on the Border." Up to 50 men were crowded into one large cell with limited ventilation and poor sanitary conditions.