• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

Judge Parker's Gavel

Judge Parker's Gavel
Judge Parker's Gavel
FOSM Photograph

Gavel used by Judge Parker
c. 1875-96

Description: Wooden gavel used by Isaac C. Parker during his tenure as federal judge for the Western District of Arkansas.

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Did You Know?

Portrait of Anna Dawes

A woman was responsible for the building of a modern federal jail at Fort Smith, AR, in 1888. Anna Dawes, daughter of Sen. Dawes of MA, visited the "Hell on the Border" jail in 1885 and wrote an article describing its conditions. When read in Congress, money was quickly approved for a new jail.