• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

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1876 Winchester Rifle


1876 Winchester Rifle

Caliber: .45-75

Barrel Length: 28"

Called the Centennial Rifle, the 1876 Winchester was introduced to celebrate the United States 100 years of independence. This rifle was made to answer the need for a cartridge that was much more powerful that the 1866 or 1873 Winchesters could offer. This rifle chambered rounds big enough to kill a buffalo. Some well know groups to be issued this weapon were the North West Canadian Mounted Police and the Texas Rangers. Even Teddy Roosevelt used the 76 during his hunted expeditions in the western United States.

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Did You Know?

Interior of jail cell with box for prisoners to visit with their lawyers

The conditions at the federal jail at Fort Smith were so horrible that it received the nickname "Hell on the Border." Up to 50 men were crowded into one large cell with limited ventilation and poor sanitary conditions.