• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

1876 Winchester Rifle


1876 Winchester Rifle

Caliber: .45-75

Barrel Length: 28"

Called the Centennial Rifle, the 1876 Winchester was introduced to celebrate the United States 100 years of independence. This rifle was made to answer the need for a cartridge that was much more powerful that the 1866 or 1873 Winchesters could offer. This rifle chambered rounds big enough to kill a buffalo. Some well know groups to be issued this weapon were the North West Canadian Mounted Police and the Texas Rangers. Even Teddy Roosevelt used the 76 during his hunted expeditions in the western United States.

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Did You Know?

Park staff and volunteers demonstrating using lindstock and slowmatch to ignite the cannon's primer

The soldiers who came to Fort Smith in 1817 were still using some 18th century technology and drill. The cannon was discharged using a lindstock and slowmatch to ignite the primer, which originally was loose powder or a turkey quill filled with powder.