• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Road Construction I-540

    Traveling West on I-40? To avoid construction delays, do not take Exit 7 (I-540 S). Stay on I-40 west and take Exit 1 Dora. Stay on Hwy 64D for 6 miles and follow signs to Fort Smith. After crossing over the river, turn right on 4th ST & right on Garland. More »

1873 Winchester Rifle and Carbine

1873 Winchester Carbine
NPS Photo

1873 Winchester Rifle and Carbine

Calibers: .44-40, .38-40, and .32-20

Barrel length: Rifle 30" Carbine 19"

Commonly called the gun that won the west, this is the most common rifle seen in pictures of the deputy marshals. These came in both carbines and rifles and several calibers. Winchester based its first repeating rifle in 1866 on the Henry. The 1873 was the second design by the company and remained a popular model for several years. The advantage of the rifle was better accuracy and distance while the carbine was easier to carry and use on horseback.

Back to Weapons of Fort Smith

Did You Know?

Parker seated at his bench in 6th Street courtroom

The only known image of Judge Parker in his courtroom is this one from the federal courthouse on Sixth Street which dates from the 1890s. There are no photographs of the courtroom located in the former military barracks.