• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Road Construction I-540

    Traveling West on I-40? To avoid construction delays, do not take Exit 7 (I-540 S). Stay on I-40 west and take Exit 1 Dora. Stay on Hwy 64D for 6 miles and follow signs to Fort Smith. After crossing over the river, turn right on 4th ST & right on Garland. More »

1859 Sharps Carbine

1859 Sharps Carbine
NPS Photo
 

1859 Sharps Carbine

Caliber: .54

Barrel length: 22"

This carbine was issued to cavalry troops during the Civil War. The shorter length made it easier to handle on horseback. This weapon is rifled and uses a percussion cap. However, unlike other weapons of the time it was a breechloader. A paper cartridge was used inserted into the breach and when it was closed, it cut the back of the paper off exposing the powder to the cap. Many Sharps rifles and carbines were converted to the metallic cartridge after the war. Union cavalry units in Fort Smith such as the Sixth and Second Kansas were issued these carbines during the Civil War.

Back to Weapons of Fort Smith

Did You Know?

Children and families helping to raise the garrison flag on Flag Day 2006

The garrison flag flown on the old military parade ground of Fort Smith National Historic Site bears 37 stars and is 20 x 30'. On special occasions visitors assist in raising the huge flag.