• Rifle Regiment arriving at Belle Point, 1817. Artwork by Michael Haynes

    Fort Smith

    National Historic Site AR,OK

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Road Construction I-540

    Traveling West on I-40? To avoid construction delays, do not take Exit 7 (I-540 S). Stay on I-40 west and take Exit 1 Dora. Stay on Hwy 64D for 6 miles and follow signs to Fort Smith. After crossing over the river, turn right on 4th ST & right on Garland. More »

1842 Springfield Musket


1842 Springfield Musket

Caliber: .69

Barrel length: 42"

This is a percussion musket that fires with a cap made of brass, which is filled, with fulminated mercury inside. A cap is placed on the cone then hammer is pulled back. Next, the trigger is pulled and the hammer strikes the cap cause a small explosion to ignite the powder. This weapon is an 1816 Springfield musket with the addition of a percussion lock. The percussion lock was the next improvement in the ignition system after the flintlock. This became the second weapon the military added with this type of improved ignition system. The last U. S. musket to be made a smoothbore, these were used during the Mexican War and saw use by Union and Confederate soldiers during the Civil War.

Back to Weapons of Fort Smith

Did You Know?

Parker seated at his bench in 6th Street courtroom

The only known image of Judge Parker in his courtroom is this one from the federal courthouse on Sixth Street which dates from the 1890s. There are no photographs of the courtroom located in the former military barracks.