Post Construction - Architecture and Design
Before the Civil War, the United States Army did not have or use any standard plans for the construction of a fort or specific military buildings. The Quartermaster Department was responsible for the design, construction, and supply of the U.S. Army forts located in the interior of the United States and on the frontier. The quality of the building construction depended on the ability of the individual quartermaster officer assigned to a specific fort.
Three styles of architecture were used to design the buildings of the fort. The name of each style and it's general characteristics are as follows:
1. French Colonial: has wide exterior staircases and porches, a broken roofline covering the porches, and many large windows. Best Example: Post Hospital/Visitor Center.
2. Greek Revival: extensive use of columns and pillars with ornamental capitals or tops. Doric column used at Fort Scott is tapered and has a square capital or top.
3. Vernacular: common, plain with no ornamentation. Best examples, Post Headquarters, Quartermaster Storehouse & small stone outbuildings behind Officer's Row.
Did You Know?
Two of Fort Scott's surgeons, William Hammond and Joseph Barnes served as Surgeon Generals during the Civil War. One of them, Joseph Barnes, was attending physician at the deaths of both Presidents Abraham Lincoln and James Garfield and he oversaw the autopsy of President Lincoln. More...