Post Construction - Architecture and Design
Before the Civil War, the United States Army did not have or use any standard plans for the construction of a fort or specific military buildings. The Quartermaster Department was responsible for the design, construction, and supply of the U.S. Army forts located in the interior of the United States and on the frontier. The quality of the building construction depended on the ability of the individual quartermaster officer assigned to a specific fort.
Three styles of architecture were used to design the buildings of the fort. The name of each style and it's general characteristics are as follows:
1. French Colonial: has wide exterior staircases and porches, a broken roofline covering the porches, and many large windows. Best Example: Post Hospital/Visitor Center.
2. Greek Revival: extensive use of columns and pillars with ornamental capitals or tops. Doric column used at Fort Scott is tapered and has a square capital or top.
3. Vernacular: common, plain with no ornamentation. Best examples, Post Headquarters, Quartermaster Storehouse & small stone outbuildings behind Officer's Row.
Did You Know?
Soldiers at Fort Scott formed the first "rainbow coalition" during the Civil War. African American, American Indian, and Euro American soldiers fought in this area. Many, including the First Kansas Colored, Sixth Kansas Cavalry, and elements of the Indian Home Guard trained at Fort Scott.