History & Culture
Fort Monroe was designed by the French military engineer Brigadier General Simon Bernard, Fort Monroe (sometimes called Fortress Monroe) was conceived as an element of the Third System of coastal defenses outlined by Congress in the aftermath of the War of 1812.
The history of Fort Monroe holds a vital link to a more complete understanding of freedom and equality in the United States. Click here for more stories about Fort Monroe and its connection to social injustice on the landscape.
Did You Know?
At one time military families who lost beloved pets while stationed at Fort Monroe could bury their animal companions in a pet cemetery on the top of the fort walls. Today this closed cemetery is the final resting place for over 400 military pets and War Dogs.