• Ruins of Fort Bowie

    Fort Bowie

    National Historic Site Arizona

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  • Visitor Center Fall Hours in Effect

    The visitor center will be open Fridays to Tuesdays from 8 am to 4 pm from October 11 – November 30, 2014, closed Wednesdays and Thursdays. The ruins areas, hiking trails, and administrative access road are all open during park hours, sunrise to sunset. More »

Natural Features & Ecosystems

A photo of Helen's Dome

Helen's dome

NPS Photo - R. Olsen

Although preserved for its cultural significance, Fort Bowie NHS also encompasses a variety of natural features - such as springs, faults, and numerous soil types - which result in the wide array of flora and fauna found here. The Apache Pass fault, a visible fissure which can be seen on the Overlook Ridge Trail, is the source of the water that rises up into Apache and Siphon springs. The fault was formed when a block of limestone was overthrust and then folded over a block of granite, which are the two major rock types found here. Helen's dome, a mostly bare tower of granite, served as a landmark for travelers approaching Apache Pass.

Did You Know?

Apache Pass

Did you know that California troops who thought they were marching to a Civil War battle ended up fighting Cochise’s Apaches warriors in Apaches Pass? That July 1862 battle led to the establishment of Fort Bowie.