• Ruins of Fort Bowie

    Fort Bowie

    National Historic Site Arizona

Natural Features & Ecosystems

A photo of Helen's Dome

Helen's dome

NPS Photo - R. Olsen

Although preserved for its cultural significance, Fort Bowie NHS also encompasses a variety of natural features - such as springs, faults, and numerous soil types - which result in the wide array of flora and fauna found here. The Apache Pass fault, a visible fissure which can be seen on the Overlook Ridge Trail, is the source of the water that rises up into Apache and Siphon springs. The fault was formed when a block of limestone was overthrust and then folded over a block of granite, which are the two major rock types found here. Helen's dome, a mostly bare tower of granite, served as a landmark for travelers approaching Apache Pass.

Did You Know?

Post Trader Building

Chief Cochise visited Fort Bowie, now a National Historic Site, socially on several occasions after he made peace with General Howard. He would meet here, at the Post Trader building, to talk, trade and drink beer with the soldiers.