• Ruins of Fort Bowie

    Fort Bowie

    National Historic Site Arizona

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  • Visitor Center Summer Hours in Effect Beginning May 1, 2014

    The visitor center will be open on Saturdays and Sundays from 8 am to 4 pm from May 1 – October 12, 2014. The ruins areas, hiking trails, and administrative access road are all open for the summer during park hours, sunrise to sunset. More »

Mammals

This little cliff chipmunk is making a home in a hollow tree cavity.  Cavities in trees, made by woodpeckers, fire or other animals, are often used by small mammals as den sites.

Cliff chipmunk in hollow oak tree

NPS Photo - R. Olsen

Fort Bowie NHS is surrounded by private ranchlands and public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Large mammals, such as the black bear and mountain lion, travel freely through this sparsely developed area, traversing Fort Bowie as they move from one mountain range to the next. Many smaller mammals reside within the boundary of Fort Bowie. Small rodents are the most common mammals, and there are numerous species of mice, kangaroo rats, squirrels and chipmunks. The rocky slopes provide habitat for species such as cliff chipmunks, rock squirrels and brush mice, while the grasslands and gravelly washes provide habitat for kangaroo rats, pocket mice and grasshopper mice. Other mammals, such as skunks, gray foxes, jack rabbits and cottontails, ringtails, coatimundi, and bobcats have also been seen, most often around water sources such as Apache Spring. Many species of bats also occur at Fort Bowie, utilizing old mines in the surrounding areas for shelter, as well as using the food resources that occur within the site. Agaves are abundant in the grasslands and on the rocky slopes, and nectar feeding bats utilize the flowers of these plants as food. Even though Fort Bowie is small in size, it’s location between two mountain ranges, permanent water sources, and varying habitat types provides many mammals the essential elements that are needed for survival.

Did You Know?

Geronimo

The heliograph (an invention which uses mirrors and sunlight to transmit Morse Code) at Bowie Peak, above Fort Bowie, dispatched 334 messages during the last campaign against Geronimo.