Lobanillo Swales, Sabine County, Texas
Two sets of deep and parallel swales extend about one-quarter mile through the forest. One set of swales has seven parallel ruts reaching a depth of 18-feet and 12-feet wide. A state historic marker in nearby Geneva says that the historic Spanish rancho known as El Lobanillo was located nearby. The rancho included the pueblo of Gil Y’Barbo (1729-1809), a refuge used by his ailing mother and other refugees in 1773, when Spain evacuated colonists from western Louisiana and East Texas. It was given as a land grant to Juan Ignacio Pifermo in 1794, and inherited in the early 1800s by John Maximillian (ca. 1778-1866).
Time period: 1700-1800s
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Did You Know?
El Camino Real de los Tejas and the Old San Antonio Road, now a national historic trail, served as an avenue for continuity and change, bringing cultural innovations into Texas from the north, as it had earlier brought Spanish-Mexican institutions from the south.