• Two-wheeled carretas carried goods up El Camino from Mexico City in 1598; walking the trail in the Jornada del Muerto, a scorching 90-mile stretch of El Camino wherein colonists had to leave the cool Rio Grande to continue their journey north

    El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

    National Historic Trail NM,TX

Operating Hours & Seasons

ruins of a fort with an American flag beside the ruins and a black mesa in the background
In 1854, the US Army established Fort Craig (on a bluff west of the Rio Grande) to protect traffic along El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro. In 1862, troops stationed there fought an invading Confederate force in the Battle of Valverde.
There are many historic sites, museums, and parks (federal, state, and local) along El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail. Operating hours vary from site to site.

Contact individual sites for more information by going to Places To Go and Passport Program, where sites are listed by state, and there is an interactive map to search for sites.

Trail brochures can be found on the Publications web page, or contact the National Park Service's National Trails Intermountain Region.

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