• America's First

    Devils Tower

    National Monument Wyoming

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Birds

Golden Eagle, Bald Eagle, Kestrel

Golden Eagle, Bald Eagle, Kestrel

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Birds of Devils Tower

George L. San Miguel
1996

Abundance and Status

Abundance values are given for each species in each of the four seasons. A species common in one season may be rare or absent in another. Also, a species may occur within a season only at the very end or beginning of that season.

C - Common. High frequency of occurrence throughout suitable habitats. Excellent chance of observing this species.
F - Fairly common. Regularly found in suitable habitats. Good chance of observing this species.
U - Uncommon. Sparsely distributed through some or all of the monument. Fair chance of observing this species in suitable habitat.
O - Occasional. Bird seen only a few times a season and not every year. Fair to poor chance of observing this species.
R - Rare. Very few records exist for this species in this season. Of rare or irregular occurrence. Poor chance of observing bird.
I - Introduced. A species not native to the area.
* - Breeding. Species breeds in the monument or within the immediate vicinity.

PELICANS AND CORMORANTS

  • American White Pelican R
  • Double-crested Cormorant R

HERONS AND EGRETS

  • Great Blue Heron* F
  • Green Heron R
  • Black-crowned Night Heron R

GEESE AND DUCKS

  • Snow Goose R
  • Canada Goose U
  • Wood Duck* O
  • Green-winged Teal R
  • Mallard* U
  • Blue-winged Teal R
  • Common Merganser U

AMERICAN VULTURES

  • Turkey Vulture* F

HAWKS AND EAGLES

  • Osprey U
  • Bald Eagle U
  • Northern Harrier U
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk U
  • Cooper's Hawk* U
  • Northern Goshawk* U
  • Red-tailed Hawk* F
  • Ferruginous Hawk R
  • Rough-legged Hawk U
  • Golden Eagle U

FALCONS

  • American Kestrel* F
  • Merlin R
  • Peregrine Falcon R
  • Prairie Falcon* F

GROUSE, TURKEYS, & QUAIL

  • Ring-necked Pheasant I, O
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse R
  • Wild Turkey* I,U

CRANES

  • Sandhill Crane R

PLOVERS

  • Killdeer* O

SANDPIPERS

  • Spotted Sandpiper* R

GULLS & TERNS

  • Ring-billed Gull R

DOVES & PIGEONS

  • Rock Dove* I, C
  • Mourning Dove* F

CUCKOOS

  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo R

TYPICAL OWLS

  • Eastern Screech Owl* O
  • Great Horned Owl* U
  • Long-eared Owl O
  • Short-eared Owl R
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl* O

NIGHTJARS

  • Common Nighthawk* O
  • Common Poorwill* O

SWIFTS

  • White-throated Swift* F

HUMMINGBIRDS

  • Broad-tailed Hummingbird R

KINGFISHERS

  • Belted Kingfisher* U

WOODPECKERS

  • Lewis' Woodpecker* U
  • Red-headed Woodpecker* F
  • Red-naped Sapsucker R
  • Williamson's Sapsucker R
  • Downy Woodpecker* U
  • Hairy Woodpecker* F
  • Black-backed Woodpecker* O
  • Northern Flicker* C

TYRANT FLYCATCHERS

  • Western Wood-Pewee* U
  • Least Flycatcher R
  • Dusky Flycatcher R
  • Cordilleran Flycatcher O
  • Eastern Phoebe R
  • Say's Phoebe* U
  • Western Kingbird O
  • Eastern Kingbird* F

LARKS

  • Horned Lark R

SWALLOWS

  • Tree Swallow U
  • Violet-green Swallow* U
  • Northern Rough-winged Swallow* O
  • Cliff Swallow* U
  • Barn Swallow* U

JAYS, MAGPIES & CROWS

  • Gray Jay* F
  • Steller's Jay R
  • Blue Jay* F
  • Pinyon Jay* F
  • Clark's Nutcracker R
  • Black-billed Magpie O
  • American Crow* F

CHICKADEES

  • Black-capped Chickadee* C

NUTHATCHES

  • Red-breasted Nuthatch* C
  • White-breasted Nuthatch* C
  • Pygmy Nuthatch R

CREEPERS

  • Brown Creeper* U

WRENS

  • Rock Wren* U
  • Canyon Wren* O
  • House Wren* F

KINGLETS, BLUEBIRDS, AND THRUSHES

  • Golden-crowned Kinglet R
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet O
  • Eastern Bluebird R
  • Mountain Bluebird* F
  • Townsend's Solitaire* F
  • Veery R
  • Swainson's Thrush O
  • American Robin* C

THRASHERS

  • Gray Catbird O
  • Brown Thrasher* O

PIPITS

  • American Pipit R

WAXWINGS

  • Bohemian Waxwing O
  • Cedar Waxwing* O

SHRIKES

  • Northern Shrike R
  • Loggerhead Shrike R

STARLINGS

  • European Starling* I, U

VIREOS

  • Solitary Vireo* F
  • Warbling Vireo* U
  • Red-eyed Vireo* C

WOOD WARBLERS, TANAGERS, SPARROWS, & BLACKBIRDS

  • Tennessee Warbler R
  • Orange-crowned Warbler R
  • Yellow Warbler* F
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler* F
  • Blackpoll Warbler O
  • American Redstart R
  • Ovenbird* U
  • MacGillivray's Warbler R
  • Common Yellowthroat* F
  • Hooded Warbler R
  • Wilson's Warbler R
  • Yellow-breasted Chat* F
  • Western Tanager* F
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak O
  • Black-headed Grosbeak* U
  • Lazuli Bunting* R
  • Indigo Bunting R
  • Dickcissel R
  • Rufous-sided Towhee* F
  • American Tree Sparrow F
  • Chipping Sparrow* U
  • Clay-colored Sparrow F
  • Brewer's Sparrow R
  • Field Sparrow R
  • Vesper Sparrow* O
  • Lark Sparrow* U
  • Lark Bunting R
  • Savannah Sparrow R
  • Song Sparrow* U
  • Lincoln's Sparrow R
  • Swamp Sparrow R
  • White-throated Sparrow R
  • White-crowned Sparrow O

WOOD WARBLERS, TANAGERS, SPARROWS, & BLACKBIRDS

  • Harris' Sparrow R
  • Dark-eyed Junco* F
  • Red-winged Blackbird* F
  • Western Meadowlark* F
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird R
  • Brewer's Blackbird* U
  • Common Grackle* U
  • Brown-headed Cowbird* C
  • Orchard Oriole R
  • Northern Oriole* U

FINCHES

  • Gray-crowned Rosy Finch U
  • Pine Grosbeak R
  • Cassin's Finch* U
  • House Finch R
  • Red Crossbill* C
  • White-winged Crossbill R
  • Common Redpoll O
  • Pine Siskin* F
  • American Goldfinch* U
  • Evening Grosbeak* U

WEAVERS

  • House Sparrow* I, O

Very rare or unconfirmed records:

  • Canvasback
  • Swainson's Hawk
  • Sage Grouse
  • Passenger Pigeon (extinct)
  • Burrowing Owl
  • Common Raven (extirpated)
  • Sage Thrasher
  • Gray Vireo
  • Black-and-white Warbler

Did You Know?

Devils Tower's summit

The top of Devils Tower is about the size of a football field. It's slightly dome shaped and rocky, with native grasses, cacti, and sagebrush. Occasionally chipmunks, mice, pack rats, and snakes are found.