• America's First

    Devils Tower

    National Monument Wyoming

Birds

Golden Eagle, Bald Eagle, Kestrel

Golden Eagle, Bald Eagle, Kestrel

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Birds of Devils Tower

George L. San Miguel
1996

Abundance and Status

Abundance values are given for each species in each of the four seasons. A species common in one season may be rare or absent in another. Also, a species may occur within a season only at the very end or beginning of that season.

C - Common. High frequency of occurrence throughout suitable habitats. Excellent chance of observing this species.
F - Fairly common. Regularly found in suitable habitats. Good chance of observing this species.
U - Uncommon. Sparsely distributed through some or all of the monument. Fair chance of observing this species in suitable habitat.
O - Occasional. Bird seen only a few times a season and not every year. Fair to poor chance of observing this species.
R - Rare. Very few records exist for this species in this season. Of rare or irregular occurrence. Poor chance of observing bird.
I - Introduced. A species not native to the area.
* - Breeding. Species breeds in the monument or within the immediate vicinity.

PELICANS AND CORMORANTS

  • American White Pelican R
  • Double-crested Cormorant R

HERONS AND EGRETS

  • Great Blue Heron* F
  • Green Heron R
  • Black-crowned Night Heron R

GEESE AND DUCKS

  • Snow Goose R
  • Canada Goose U
  • Wood Duck* O
  • Green-winged Teal R
  • Mallard* U
  • Blue-winged Teal R
  • Common Merganser U

AMERICAN VULTURES

  • Turkey Vulture* F

HAWKS AND EAGLES

  • Osprey U
  • Bald Eagle U
  • Northern Harrier U
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk U
  • Cooper's Hawk* U
  • Northern Goshawk* U
  • Red-tailed Hawk* F
  • Ferruginous Hawk R
  • Rough-legged Hawk U
  • Golden Eagle U

FALCONS

  • American Kestrel* F
  • Merlin R
  • Peregrine Falcon R
  • Prairie Falcon* F

GROUSE, TURKEYS, & QUAIL

  • Ring-necked Pheasant I, O
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse R
  • Wild Turkey* I,U

CRANES

  • Sandhill Crane R

PLOVERS

  • Killdeer* O

SANDPIPERS

  • Spotted Sandpiper* R

GULLS & TERNS

  • Ring-billed Gull R

DOVES & PIGEONS

  • Rock Dove* I, C
  • Mourning Dove* F

CUCKOOS

  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo R

TYPICAL OWLS

  • Eastern Screech Owl* O
  • Great Horned Owl* U
  • Long-eared Owl O
  • Short-eared Owl R
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl* O

NIGHTJARS

  • Common Nighthawk* O
  • Common Poorwill* O

SWIFTS

  • White-throated Swift* F

HUMMINGBIRDS

  • Broad-tailed Hummingbird R

KINGFISHERS

  • Belted Kingfisher* U

WOODPECKERS

  • Lewis' Woodpecker* U
  • Red-headed Woodpecker* F
  • Red-naped Sapsucker R
  • Williamson's Sapsucker R
  • Downy Woodpecker* U
  • Hairy Woodpecker* F
  • Black-backed Woodpecker* O
  • Northern Flicker* C

TYRANT FLYCATCHERS

  • Western Wood-Pewee* U
  • Least Flycatcher R
  • Dusky Flycatcher R
  • Cordilleran Flycatcher O
  • Eastern Phoebe R
  • Say's Phoebe* U
  • Western Kingbird O
  • Eastern Kingbird* F

LARKS

  • Horned Lark R

SWALLOWS

  • Tree Swallow U
  • Violet-green Swallow* U
  • Northern Rough-winged Swallow* O
  • Cliff Swallow* U
  • Barn Swallow* U

JAYS, MAGPIES & CROWS

  • Gray Jay* F
  • Steller's Jay R
  • Blue Jay* F
  • Pinyon Jay* F
  • Clark's Nutcracker R
  • Black-billed Magpie O
  • American Crow* F

CHICKADEES

  • Black-capped Chickadee* C

NUTHATCHES

  • Red-breasted Nuthatch* C
  • White-breasted Nuthatch* C
  • Pygmy Nuthatch R

CREEPERS

  • Brown Creeper* U

WRENS

  • Rock Wren* U
  • Canyon Wren* O
  • House Wren* F

KINGLETS, BLUEBIRDS, AND THRUSHES

  • Golden-crowned Kinglet R
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet O
  • Eastern Bluebird R
  • Mountain Bluebird* F
  • Townsend's Solitaire* F
  • Veery R
  • Swainson's Thrush O
  • American Robin* C

THRASHERS

  • Gray Catbird O
  • Brown Thrasher* O

PIPITS

  • American Pipit R

WAXWINGS

  • Bohemian Waxwing O
  • Cedar Waxwing* O

SHRIKES

  • Northern Shrike R
  • Loggerhead Shrike R

STARLINGS

  • European Starling* I, U

VIREOS

  • Solitary Vireo* F
  • Warbling Vireo* U
  • Red-eyed Vireo* C

WOOD WARBLERS, TANAGERS, SPARROWS, & BLACKBIRDS

  • Tennessee Warbler R
  • Orange-crowned Warbler R
  • Yellow Warbler* F
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler* F
  • Blackpoll Warbler O
  • American Redstart R
  • Ovenbird* U
  • MacGillivray's Warbler R
  • Common Yellowthroat* F
  • Hooded Warbler R
  • Wilson's Warbler R
  • Yellow-breasted Chat* F
  • Western Tanager* F
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak O
  • Black-headed Grosbeak* U
  • Lazuli Bunting* R
  • Indigo Bunting R
  • Dickcissel R
  • Rufous-sided Towhee* F
  • American Tree Sparrow F
  • Chipping Sparrow* U
  • Clay-colored Sparrow F
  • Brewer's Sparrow R
  • Field Sparrow R
  • Vesper Sparrow* O
  • Lark Sparrow* U
  • Lark Bunting R
  • Savannah Sparrow R
  • Song Sparrow* U
  • Lincoln's Sparrow R
  • Swamp Sparrow R
  • White-throated Sparrow R
  • White-crowned Sparrow O

WOOD WARBLERS, TANAGERS, SPARROWS, & BLACKBIRDS

  • Harris' Sparrow R
  • Dark-eyed Junco* F
  • Red-winged Blackbird* F
  • Western Meadowlark* F
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird R
  • Brewer's Blackbird* U
  • Common Grackle* U
  • Brown-headed Cowbird* C
  • Orchard Oriole R
  • Northern Oriole* U

FINCHES

  • Gray-crowned Rosy Finch U
  • Pine Grosbeak R
  • Cassin's Finch* U
  • House Finch R
  • Red Crossbill* C
  • White-winged Crossbill R
  • Common Redpoll O
  • Pine Siskin* F
  • American Goldfinch* U
  • Evening Grosbeak* U

WEAVERS

  • House Sparrow* I, O

Very rare or unconfirmed records:

  • Canvasback
  • Swainson's Hawk
  • Sage Grouse
  • Passenger Pigeon (extinct)
  • Burrowing Owl
  • Common Raven (extirpated)
  • Sage Thrasher
  • Gray Vireo
  • Black-and-white Warbler

Did You Know?

Devils Tower with snow

When the proclamation establishing Devils Tower was published, the apostrophe was unintentionally dropped from “Devil’s”—and this clerical error was never officially corrected.