In Defense of the Nations Capital
On forested hills surrounding the nation's capital are the remnants of a complex system of Civil War fortifications. Built by Union forces, these strategic buttresses transformed the young capital into one of the world's most fortified cities.Read More
Forts of Washington
Although many of the fortifications have crumbled away, their intriguing and compelling stories are very much a part of our national history.Read More
Urban Planning for Recreation
The McMillan Plan of 1902 recognized the recreational potential in the pattern of open spaces of the circle of Civil War defenses...Read More
Natural Resource Protection
The National Park Service Civil War Defenses of Washington sites preserve significant natural features...Read More
Did You Know?
The design for the Defenses of Washington was based on a textbook published in 1836 called A TREATISE ON FIELD FORTIFICATIONS, by Dennis Hart Mahan. Mahan was a professor of civil and military engineering at West Point.