• View of the Great Rift

    Craters Of The Moon

    National Monument & Preserve Idaho

Nonnative Species

Spotted knapweed is often spreaded along road edges when seeds are transported by vehicles.

Spotted Knapweed

(Washington State University Photo)

The National Park Service strives to preserve natural resources at Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve, including the native plants and animals. Non-native species are those which occupy lands as a result of the deliberate or accidental activities of people. Non-native species often alter ecological processes, disrupting food chains and nutrient cycles by out-competing native organisms in their own habitat. Diverse native plant communities which provide food and cover for a variety wildlife can be rapidly replaced by a dominant non-native weed which provides neither food nor cover for native animals.

Not all non-native plants present the same degree of threat to native plants and animals. Those capable of rapid spread are often called invasive weeds. Those with serious economic impacts are designated as noxious weeds. Noxious weeds affecting Craters of the Moon include spotted and diffuse knapweeds, leafy spurge, Canada thistle, Dyer's woad and rush skeletonweed. Non-native invasive weeds are a significant threat to the remaining pristine vegetation communities within the monument. Management of noxious weed infestations through prevention of new introductions and by control or elimination of existing infestations is a high priority resource issue for the National Park Service at Craters of the Moon.

Several non-native birds make their homes at Craters. Some species such as Chukar or Gray Partridge may not have a significant impact on native species. Others can be a serious problem for native species. These problems range from Rock Doves which can change the nutrient levels in caves to Starlings and English Sparrows, which evict native birds from their nests. Craters is working with neighboring agencies and landowners to identify, locate, control and where feasible eradicate non-native species that threaten our natural resources. The issue of non-native species is likely to receive continued attention at Craters and around the world for many years to come.
 

Invasive Species Information
Invasivespecies.gov is the gateway to Federal efforts concerning invasive species. On this site you can learn about the impacts of invasive species and the Federal government's response, as well as read select species profiles and find links to agencies and organizations dealing with invasive species issues.

Cheatgrass:
The Invader That Won the West
Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project, 1996. 23 pages.

Did You Know?

wilderness

In 1970 Craters of the Moon became one of the first areas in the National Park System to be designated as a federal Wilderness area. Craters of the Moon contains vast areas where visitors have an opportunity to experience the earth as it was. More...