• Scenic View from Inspiration Point, Anacapa Island ©timhaufphotography.com

    Channel Islands

    National Park California

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  • Public Closures on Anacapa Island

    Certain trails are temporarily closed on Anacapa Island to all public entry for the protection of breeding western gulls. More »

  • San Miguel Island Closure

    In the interest of public safety, the U.S. Navy is closing San Miguel Island until further notice due to recent concerns of possible unexploded ordnance. More »

Giant (Black) Sea Bass

Jeffrey Bozanic
 

Common Name
Giant (Black) Sea Bass

Scientific Name
Stereolepis gigas

Habitat
Kelp forests and deep, rocky reefs.

Conservation Status
There is no formal conservation status, but fishing is prohibited in California.

Additional Information
This gentle giant is the largest and most magnificent species of fish in the kelp forest. They are capable of growing to lengths of over 7 feet and weighing 750 pounds! Adults are dark brown to black with large dark spots and a light belly. It is believed that they have the ability to alter their spot pattern at will. As carnivores, they eat many things including Pacific mackerel, shrimp, small sharks, crabs, lobster, anchovies, and squid.

Prior to the 1950’s, this species of bony fish was very common to the near shore waters of Southern California. Due to over-fishing, their population was reduced to critically low levels. In 1982, both commercial and sport fishing of Giant Black Sea Bass was banned in California waters. Since then, the populations have been steadily recovering and encounters by divers are becoming more common.

Did You Know?

island-fox

Channel Islands National Park has more endangered species that only exist within this park than any other unit of the National Park Service. This means that survival of these plants and animals depends entirely on our ability to protect and restore the habitat of the five park islands.