• Capulin Volcano National Monument by J. Unruh

    Capulin Volcano

    National Monument New Mexico

Jessie Foote Jack

For many women, the winning of the American West was a time of distinct change. Gender roles were transforming. Women, once relegated only to caring for the home and hearth, were asked to become active participants in tending cattle and managing rangeland. Jessie Foote Jack was no different. Married to Captain William Howard Jack, a prominent New Mexico rancher and President of the Crowfoot Cattle Company, Jessie helped her husband administer ranches in Colfax and Union Counties. Following her husband's untimely death, however, Jessie was forced to assume his responsibilities.

Mrs. Jack and other local ranchers highly valued Capulin Volcano during this time period as it was considered prime grazing land. In order to ensure sole rights to graze cattle on the volcano, Jessie used her husband's political connections to secure the position of custodian for the monument. Serving from 1916 to 1921, Jessie Foote Jack was the first custodian for Capulin Volcano, as well as the first female custodian in the National Park Service.

Did You Know?

CWA Road Project

In 1933, Capulin Mountain National Monument was the recipient of a Civil Works Project. The project employed twenty-four local men to improve the park's infrastructure which included the road to the rim of the volcano. More...