Access at seashore locations
The stairs at Nauset Light Beach in Eastham are closed due to storm damage. Herring Cove North Lot in Provincetown sustained damage resulting in closure of multiple parking spaces. The Nauset Marsh Trail bridge was destroyed in a 2012 storm. More »
Photo by Scott Buchanan
Cape Cod National Seashore harbors a diverse array of terrestrial, wetland, aquatic, and marine plants that are uniquely adapted to life in the coastal environment. More than 800 species comprise the vascular flora of the seashore, which are associated with a number of landscape features. For example, heathlands, grasslands, dunes, woodlands, forests, vernal pools, kettle ponds, salt marshes, freshwater marshes, intertidal zones, and seagrass beds are among the different community-types that can be distinguished by their own special kinds of plant life.
Past human activities on Cape Cod have played a major role in shaping the Seashore's vegetation. In fact, land-clearing practices by early European settlers gave rise to the seashore's extensive heathlands - a habitat that has since become globally rare. However, many plant communities within the Seashore are being negatively impacted as a result of human pressures on the environment. Sea-level rise, acid rain, ozone, groundwater withdrawal, nutrient enrichment, and invasions of exotic species are just a few of the threats that pose serious risks to plant diversity and ecological function across the landscape.
The Seashore is currently developing techniques to effectively monitor plant communities and determine how they are changing in time and space. Armed with this kind of information, we can then devise well-informed management strategies that will help protect these resources.
Did You Know?
Cape Cod National Seashore includes over 2500 acres of historically diked salt marshes, 35% of the Massachusetts total, and including some of the biggest diked marshes in the Gulf of Maine. Work continues, in cooperation with other agencies and private groups, to restore these degraded estuaries.