Stephen M. Smith


Stephen Smith

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Name: Stephen Smith

Official Title: Plant Ecologist

Phone: 508 487 3262 x 0508



B.S. Biology (minor in Chemistry), Florida State University, 1989

M.S. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 1992

Ph.D. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 1997

Research Interests and Lab Responsibilities:

Stephen Smith is a Plant Ecologist at the Cape Cod National Seashore, with expertise in plant physiology and plant community ecology.Stephen received a B.S. degree from Florida State University and a M.S and Ph.D. from the University of Miami.After spending 5 years working on the restoration of the Florida Everglades, he assumed his current position with the National Park Service in 2002. Stephen's current activities are focused on understanding the dynamics of spatial and temporal variability within plant communities in all the different ecosystems (forests, heathlands, dune grasslands, vernal ponds, lakes, salt marshes, lagoons, nearshore marine systems) within the Seashore.A large part of this work involves assessments of salt marsh ecosystem structure and function in response to tidal restoration and causes and consequences of salt marsh dieback.Other responsibilities include exotic and rare plant management.

Representative Publications:

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Smith, S.M. and K. Lee. 2012. Nitrogen-stimulated growth of algae in surface water samples collected from freshwater kettle ponds of Cape Cod National Seashore (Massachusetts, U.S.A.). Journal of Freshwater Ecology 27: 151-157.

Smith, S.M., K.C. Medeiros, and M. Tyrrell. In press. Hydrology, herbivory, and the decline of Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. in outer Cape Cod salt marshes (Massachusetts, USA). Journal of Coastal Research.

Smith, S.M and M.C. Tyrrell. 2012. Effects of mud fiddler crabs (Uca pugnax) on the recruitment of halophyte seedlings in salt marsh dieback areas of Cape Cod (Massachusetts, USA). Ecological Research 27: 233-237

Smith, S.M., K.C. Medeiros, and H.K. Bayley. 2012. Water temperature as a limiting factor in the colonization of a partially-restored coastal lagoon by a macroinvertebrate herbivore: implications for macroalgal control. Ecological Restoration 29: 243-251.

Smith, S.M. and R.S. Warren. 2011. Vegetation responses to tidal restoration. Chapter 4. In: C. Romand and D. Burdick (eds), Restoring Tidal Flow to Salt Marshes: A Synthesis of Science and Management. Island Press (in press).

Smith, S.M., J.A. Leeds, P.V. McCormick, P. Brian Garrett, and M. Darwich. 2009. Sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) responses as early indicators of low level phosphorus enrichment in the Florida Everglades. Wetlands Ecology & Management 17:291-302.

Valiela, I., E. Kinney, J. Culbertson, E. Peacock, and S. Smith. 2009. Global losses of mangroves and salt marshes: Magnitudes, causes and consequences. In C. Duarte (ed.) Global Loss of Coastal Habitats: Magnitudes, Causes, and Consequences. Fundacion BBVA. Madrid.

Smith, S.M. 2009. Multi-decadal changes in salt marshes of Cape Cod, Massachusetts: a photographic analysis of vegetation loss, species shifts, and geomorphic change. Northeastern Naturalist 16(2):183-208

Smith, S.M., C.T. Roman, M-J. James-Pirri, K. Chapman, J. Portnoy, and E. Gwilliam 2009. Responses of plant communities to incremental hydrologic restoration of a tide-restricted salt marsh in southern New England (Massachusetts, U.S.A.). Restoration Ecology 17: 606-618.

Forman, S.L., Z. Sagintayev, M. Sultan, S. Smith, R. Becker, M. Kendall, and L. Marìn. 2008. The 20th century migration of parabolic dunes and wetland formation at Cape Cod National Sea Shore, MA: Landscape response to a legacy of environmental disturbance. The Holocene, Vol. 18, No. 5, 765-774.

Smith, S.M. 2007. Removal of salt-killed vegetation during tidal restoration of a New England salt marsh: effects on wrack movement and the establishment of native halophytes. Ecological Restoration 24:268-273.

Smith, S.M., M. Hanley, and K.T. Killingbeck. 2008. Development of vegetation in dune slack wetlands of Cape Cod National Seashore (Massachusetts, USA). Plant Ecology 194: 243-256.

Smith, S.M. and S. Warren. 2006. Determining ground surface topography in tidal marshes using water marks. Journal of Coastal Research 23: 265-274.

Smith, S.M. and K.D. Lee. 2006. Responses of periphyton to artificial nutrient enrichment in freshwater kettle ponds of Cape Cod National Seashore. Hydrobiologia 571:201-211.

Smith, S.M. 2004. Manual control of Phragmites on pondshores of Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts, USA. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 43: 50-56.

Smith, S.M., R.R. Abed, F.Garcia-Pichel. 2004. Biological soil crusts of sand dunes in Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts, USA. Microbial Ecology 48:200-208.

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