• One of the Twin Arches by Deannia Murphy

    Big South Fork

    National River & Recreation Area KY,TN

Environmental Factors

Big South Fork River from Leatherwood Ford
Time, weather and water have combined to form the deep gorges found throughout Big South Fork.
National Park Service
 

For countless centuries, the landscape and associated plant and animal life of the Cumberland Plateau have been shaped and altered by the forces of nature. Geologic processes, fire, and climatic conditions have each had their influence. Those same environmental factors continue their molding and sculpting today, though often on a time scale that seems to make change invisible.

In more recent times, the interactions of people and the landscape have influenced the landscape and the life that depends on it. Forested land has been cleared and cultivated, roads have been constructed, and homesteads established. Wildfires were stopped and non-native vegetation was introduced. Pollutants have also degraded the quality of park streams and jeopardized fishery resources. Non-native insects, which have arrived in this country from distant parts of the world, threaten to have substantial impacts on the park’s forest ecosystem.

Park staff and cooperating scientists are working to better understand these environmental factors and to find ways to manage those that are adversely impacting the condition of park resources.

Did You Know?

Black bear now live in and around Big South Fork.

In the mid-1990's black bear were released in Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area to study relocation techniques and to determine whether adequate habitat existed in the area. There are now an estimated 40 - 50 bear living in and around the park. More...