• Purple, yellow, gold and orange sponges and soft corals wave against a turquioise sea.

    Biscayne

    National Park Florida

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  • Boat Tours, Paddle-craft Rentals and Select Conveniences Temporarily Unavailable

    Glass-bottom, snorkel, diving and island boat tours, and rentals for canoes and other paddle-craft, are temporarily unavailable. The park is working to resolve the issue as soon as possible and regrets the inconvenience. Limited snack items are available.

Fish

Nature and Science

Grunts are named for the noises they make underwater and when caught on a line.

The fish in Biscayne National Park range in size from less than an inch to well over 10 feet in length. The fish fauna includes both temperate and tropical species.

The following fish have been reported from within Biscayne National Park. Since this is a marine park, the focus is on marine species, however, at the bottom of this page is a list of the species that can be observed in the freshwater/canals that empty into the park. At the bottom of this page you can also find lists of the non-native species of freshwater and marine fishes that have been documented to occur.

Fishes are sorted alphabetically by family and only common names are used here. The list is not exhaustive, and documented sightings of species not on this list are welcome. Submit your sightings to the webmaster.

Anchovies

Bay anchovy

Big-eye anchovy

Flat anchovy

Narrow striped anchovy

Striped anchovy


Angelfishes

Blue angelfish

Cherubfish

French angelfish

Gray angelfish

Queen angelfish

Rock beauty

Townsend angelfish (hybrid)

Barracudas

Great barracuda

Guaguanche

Northern sennet

Southern sennet

Batfishes

Longnose batfish

Polka-dot batfish

Shortnose batfish

Bigeyes

Bigeye

Short bigeye

Blennies

Banded blenny

Barred blenny

Blackfin blenny

Bluethroat pikeblenny

Checkered blenny

Coral blenny

Darkheaded blenny

Downy blenny

Eelgrass blenny

Feather blenny

Florida blenny

Freckled blenny

Goldline blenny

Hairy blenny

Horned blenny

Lofty triplefin

Longfin blenny

Marbled blenny

Mimic blenny

Mimic triplefin

Molly miller

Oyster blenny

Papillose blenny

Pearl blenny

Puffcheek blenny

Redeye triplefin

Redlip blenny

Rosy blenny

Roughhead blenny

Roughhead triplefin

Saddled blenny

Seaweed blenny

Spinyhead blenny

Spotcheek blenny

Tessellated blenny

Wrasse blenny

Yellowface pikeblenny

Bluefish

Bluefish

Bonefishes

Bonefish

Bonnetmouths

Boga

Bonnetmouth

Boxfishes

Honeycomb cowfish

Scrawled cowfish

Smooth trunkfish

Spotted trunkfish

Trunkfish

Butterflyfishes

Banded butterflyfish

Foureye butterflyfish

Reef butterflyfish

Spotfin butterflyfish

Cardinalfishes

Barred cardinalfish

Belted cardinalfish

Blackfin cardinalfish

Bridled cardinalfish

Bronze cardinalfish

Conchfish

Dusky cardinalfish

Flamefish

Mimic cardinalfish

Pale cardinalfish

Sawcheek cardinalfish

Sponge cardinalfish

Twospot cardinalfish

Whitestar cardinalfish

Chromis

Blue chromis

Brown chromis

Purple reef-fish

Sunshinefish

Yellowtail reeffish

Chubs

Bermuda chub

Yellow chub

Cobia

Cobia

Conger eels

Brown garden eel

Manytooth conger

Margintail conger

Cornetfishes

Bluespotted cornetfish

Red cornetfish

Cusk-eels

Blackedge cusk-eel

Blotched cusk-eel

Dusky cusk-eel

Damselfishes

Beaugregory

Bicolor damselfish

Cocoa damselfish

Longfin damselfish

Night seargeant

Sergeant major

Threespot damselfish

Yellowtail damselfish

Dolphinfishes

Dolphin

Pompano dolphin

Dragonets

Lancer dragonet

Spotted dragonet

Driftfishes

Freckled driftfish

Man-of-war fish

Silver driftfish

Spotted driftfish

Drums, Croakers and Seatrouts

Atlantic croaker

Cubbyu

High-hat

Jackknife fish

Red drum

Reef croaker

Sand seatrout

Silver perch

Southern kingfish/Jewsharp drummer

Spot

Spotted drum

Spotted seatrout

Weakfish/Gray trout/ Sea trout

False Moray Eels

False moray

Seagrass eel

Filefishes

Barred filefish

Fringed filefish

Orange filefish

Orangespotted filefish

Planehead filefish

Pygmy filefish

Scrawled filefish

Slender filefish

Unicorn filefish

Whitespotted filefish

Flatfishes (Flounders, Soles and Whiffs)

Anglefin whiff

Bay Whiff

Blackcheek tonguefish

Caribbean tonguefish

Channel flounder

Dusky flounder

Eyed flounder

Gulf flounder

Hogchoker

Horned whiff

Lined sole

Naked sole

Offshore tonguefish

Peacock flounder

Sand whiff

Scrawled sole

Spottail tonguefish

Spotted whiff

Twospot flounder

Flying Gurnards

Flying gurnard

Frogfishes

Dwarf frogfish

Longlure frogfish

Ocellated frogfish

Sargassumfish

Singlespot frogfish

Striated frogfish

Goatfishes

Spotted goatfish

Yellow goatfish

Gobies

Banner goby

Bearded goby

Blue-gold goby

Bridled goby

Clown goby

Code goby

Colon goby

Convict goby

Crested goby

Dash goby

Emerald clingfish

Emerald sleeper

Frillfin goby

Glass goby

Goldspot goby

Highfin goby

Island frillfin

Lyre goby

Masked goby

Naked goby

Neon goby

Notchtongue goby

Orangespotted goby

Pallid goby

Peppermint goby

Rockcut goby

Rusty goby

Seminole goby

Sharknose goby

Sharpnose goby/sharknose goby

Skilletfish

Spinycheek sleeper

Spotfin goby

Spottail goby

Spotted goby

Tiger goby

Yellowline goby

Yellownose goby

Grunts

Black margate

Bluestriped grunt

Caesar grunt

Cottonwick

French grunt

Margate

Pigfish

Porkfish

Sailors choice

Smallmouth grunt

Spanish grunt

Striped grunt

Tomtate

White grunt

Groupers, Seabasses and Soapfishes

Black grouper

Chalk bass

Coney

Creole-fish

Dwarf sand perch

Freckled soapfish

Gag grouper

Graysby

Greater soapfish

Harlequin bass

Jewfish/ Goliath grouper

Lantern bass

Marbled grouper

Nassau grouper

Peppermint bass

Red grouper

Red hind

Reef bass

Rock hind

Sand perch

Scamp

Snowy grouper

Spotted soapfish

Tiger grouper

Tobacco fish

Whitespotted soapfish

Wrasse bass

Yellowedge grouper

Yellowfin grouper

Yellowmouth grouper

Hakes

Spotted hake

Hamlets

Banded hamlet

Barred hamlet

Black hamlet

Blue hamlet

Butter hamlet

Indigo hamlet

Mutton hamlet

Golden hamlet

Shy hamlet

Tan hamlet

Yellowbelly hamlet

Yellowtail hamlet

Hawkfishes

Redspotted hawkfish

Herrings, Menhaden, Sardines and Shad

American gizzard shad

Atlantic thread herring

Dwarf herring

False pilchard

Little-eye herring

Redear sardine

Scaled sardine

Spanish sardine

Yellowfin menhaden

Hogfishes, Razorfishes and Wrasses

Blackear wrasse

Bluehead wrasse

Clown wrasse

Creole wrasse

Dwarf wrasse

Green razorfish

Hogfish

Pearly razorfish

Puddingwife

Rainbow wrasse

Rosy razorfish

Slippery dick

Spanish hogfish

Spotfin hogfish

Yellowcheek wrasse

Yellowhead wrasse

Jacks

African pompano, threadfin

Almaco jack

Atlantic Bumper

Atlantic moonfish

Banded rudderfish

Bar jack

Bigeye scad

Blue runner

Bluntnose jack

Crevalle jack

Florida pompano

Greater amberjack

Horse-eye jack

Leatherjacket

Lesser amberjack

Lookdown

Mackerel scad

Palometa

Permit

Pilotfish

Rainbow runner

Round scad

Yellow jack

Jawfishes

Banded jawfish

Dusky jawfish

Mottled jawfish

Spotfin jawfish

Yellowhead jawfish

Killifishes

Bluefin killifish, Blue-fintop minnow

Diamond killifish

Dwarf livebearer, Least killifish

Flagfish, American flagfish

Golden topminnow

Goldspotted killifish

Gulf killifish

Longnose killifish

Marsh killifish

Rainwater killifish

Seminole killifish

Sheepshead minnow

Ladyfishes

Ladyfish

Lizardfishes

Inshore lizardfish

Red lizardfish

Sand diver

Snakefish

Mackerels

Atlantic bonito

Bigeye tuna

Blackfin tuna

Bullet mackerel

Cero/Painted mackerel

King mackerel

Little tuna/ False albacore/Little tunny

Spanish mackerel/Atlantic Spanish mackerel

Striped tuna/Skipjack/Oceanic bonito

Wahoo

Yellowfin tuna

Marlins

Atlantic blue marlin

Sailfish

White marlin

Mojarras

Flagfin mojarra

Irish pompano

Mottled mojarra/Longfinned silverbiddy

Silver jenny

Slender mojarra

Spotfin mojarra

Tidewater mojarra

Yellowfin mojarra

Moray Eels

Blackedge moray

Chain moray

Goldentail moray

Green moray

Purplemouth moray

Reticulate moray

Spotted moray

Viper moray

Mullets

Liza

Striped mullet

Whirligig mullet

White mullet

Parrotfishes

Blue parrotfish

Bluelip parrotfish

Bucktooth parrotfish

Emerald parrotfish

Greenblotch parrotfish

Midnight parrotfish

Princess parrotfish

Queen parrotfish

Rainbow parrotfish

Redband parrotfish

Redfin parrotfish/Yellowtail parrotfish

Redtail parrotfish

Stoplight parrotfish

Striped parrotfish

Yellowtail parrotfish

Pearlfishes

Pearlfish

Pipefishes and Seahorses

Bull pipefish

Chain pipefish

Crested pipefish

Dusky pipefish

Dwarf seahorse

Fringed pipefish

Gulf pipefish

Insular pipefish

Lined seahorse

Longsnout seahorse

Pugnose pipefish

Sargassum pipefish

Shortfin pipefish

Whitenose pipefish

Porgies

Grass porgy

Jolthead porgy

Knobbed porgy

Littlehead porgy

Pinfish

Red porgy

Saucereye porgy

Sea bream

Sheepshead

Sheepshead porgy

Spottail pinfish

Porcupinefishes

Balloonfish

Bridled burrfish

Porcupinefish

Spotted burrfish

Striped burrfish

Web burrfish

Pufferfishes

Bandtail puffer

Checkered puffer

Northern puffer

Sharpnose puffer

Southern puffer

Rays and Skates

Atlantic guitarfish

Atlantic manta

Atlantic Stingray

Atlantic torpedo ray

Bluntnose stingray

Cownose ray

Lesser electric ray

Roundel skate

Smooth butterfly ray

Southern stingray

Spotted eagle Ray

Yellow stingray

Remoras

Marlinsucker

Remora

Sharksucker

Whitefin sharksucker

Scorpionfishes

Barbfish

Deepreef scorpionfish

Hunchback scorpionfish

Lesser scorpionfish/Coral scorpionfish

Mushroom scorpionfish

Plumed scorpionfish/Poison grouper

Reef scorpionfish

Smoothhead scorpionfish

Spinycheek scorpionfish

Spotted scorpionfish

Searobins

Bighead searobin

Bluespotted searobin

Bluewing searobin/Spotted searobin

Leopard searobin

Shortfin searobin

Sharks

Atlantic sharpnose shark

Blacknose shark

Blacktip shark

Bonnethead

Bull shark

Great hammerhead

Great white shark

Lemon shark

Nurse shark

Scalloped hammerhead

Silky shark

Smalltooth sawfish

Spinner shark

Whale shark

Silversides

Brook silverside

Hardhead silverside

Inland silverside

Reef silverside

Rough silverside

Snappers

Blackfin snapper

Cubera snapper

Dog snapper

Gray snapper

Lane snapper

Mahogany snapper

Mutton snapper

Red snapper

Queen snapper

Schoolmaster

Vermilion snapper

Yellowtail snapper

Snooks

Common snook

Swordspine snook

Tarpon snook

Snake Eels

Goldspotted eel

Key worm eel

Palespotted eel

Sharptail eel

Shrimp eel

Speckled worm eel

Spotted snake eel

Spadefishes

Atlantic spadefish

Squirrelfishes

Blackbar soldierfish

Dusky squirrelfish

Glasseye snapper

Longjaw squirrelfish

Longspine squirrelfish

Reef squirrelfish

Squirrelfish

Stargazers

Arrow stargazer

Atlantic midshipman

Bigeye stargazer

Saddled stargazer

Sand stargazer

Smooth-lipped stargazer

Southern stargazer

Surgeonfishes

Blue Tang

Doctorfish

Ocean surgeon

Sweepers

Glassy sweeper

Swordfishes

Swordfish/ Broadbill

Tarpon

Tarpon

Threadfins

Atlantic threadfin

Barbu

Little-scale threadfin

Tilefishes

Sand tilefish

Toadfish

Gulf toadfish

Oyster toadfish

Triggerfishes

Black durgon

Gray triggerfish

Ocean triggerfish

Queen triggerfish

Tripletails

Black brotula

Key brotula

Ocean Sunfish

Redfin brotula

Tripletail

Trumpetfishes

Atlantic trumpetfish

Wormfishes

Blue dartfish

Hovering goby/Hovering dartfish

Pink wormfish

Pugjaw wormfish

Freshwater/Canal Fish

American eel

Black crappie

Bluegill

Bluespotted sunfish

Bowfin

Brown bullhead

Coastal shiner

Dollar sunfish

Eastern mosquitofish

Everglades pygmy sunfish

Fat sleeper

Florida gar

Freshwater goby

Gafftopsail catfish

Golden shiner

Hardhead catfish

Lake chubsucker

Largemouth bass

Mangrove gambusia

Mangrove rivulus

Mosquitofish/Gambusia

Ninespine stickleback

Redear sunfish

Sailfin molly

Spotted sunfish

Swamp darter

Warmouth

Yellow bullhead

Non-native Freshwater/Canal Fishes

African jewelfish

Banded leporinus

Black acara

Blue tilapia

Grass carp

Jaguar cichlid

Jewel cichlid

Mayan cichlid

Midas cichlid

Mozambique tilapia

Orinoco sailfin catfish

Oscar

Peacock cichlid/Butterfly peacock bass

Pike killifish, Piketop minnow

Spotted tilapia

Walking catfish/Clarias catfish

Non-native Marine Fishes

Lionfish

Moorish idol

Panther grouper/Humpback grouper

 
This lionfish was removed from Biscayne National Park waters

A non-native Indo-Pacific lionfish that was removed from park waters

NPS

The lionfish, native to the Indian and Pacific oceans, has now become established in the Atlantic Ocean, including waters in Biscayne National Park. This fish poses both environmental and safety threats. Park managers are hoping to keep the lionfish population under control by responding quickly to reported sightings and removing any lionfish seen in the park. Visit our lionfish page (here) for more information about this species and what you can do if you observe a lionfish within Biscayne National Park

Did You Know?

Pat Cummins' painting of mangroves at Adams Key

Rotating art exhibits in Biscayne National Park's Dante Fascell Visitor Center Gallery highlight the works of both established and emerging artists who are inspired by the park's natural beauty.