• Cannon and Cornfield at Dawn

    Antietam

    National Battlefield Maryland

Amphibians

Amphibians are animals with moist, hairless skin through which water can pass in and out. Nearly all amphibians live the first part of their lives in water and the second part on land. These creatures can be categorized into three main groups: frogs and toads, salamanders and caecilians. Frogs and toads are the most abundant amphibians, frogs having soft skin and longs legs, toads having warty skin and short legs. Salamanders, with their long, slender, lizard-like bodies are next in population size. The Caecilians are the most rare amphibians. They have no limbs and look much like earthworms. Most live underground and spend their time burrowing in the soil, but a few are aquatic.

During the 2000-2001 Reptiles and Amphibians survey at the battlefield, the following amphibians were documented:

Long-tailed Salamander

Northern Dusky Salamander

Northern Slimy Salamander

Northern Two-lined Salamander

Redback Salamander

Bullfrog

Eastern American Toad

Green Frog

Northern Spring Peeper

Pickerel Frog

Wood Frog

Did You Know?

Artillery at Antietam

Over 500 cannons participated in the Battle of Antietam, firing over 50,000 rounds of ammunition. The cannonade was so severe that Confederate artillery commander Colonel S.D. Lee described the battle as "artillery hell."