• Cannon and Cornfield at Dawn


    National Battlefield Maryland


Amphibians are animals with moist, hairless skin through which water can pass in and out. Nearly all amphibians live the first part of their lives in water and the second part on land. These creatures can be categorized into three main groups: frogs and toads, salamanders and caecilians. Frogs and toads are the most abundant amphibians, frogs having soft skin and longs legs, toads having warty skin and short legs. Salamanders, with their long, slender, lizard-like bodies are next in population size. The Caecilians are the most rare amphibians. They have no limbs and look much like earthworms. Most live underground and spend their time burrowing in the soil, but a few are aquatic.

During the 2000-2001 Reptiles and Amphibians survey at the battlefield, the following amphibians were documented:

Long-tailed Salamander

Northern Dusky Salamander

Northern Slimy Salamander

Northern Two-lined Salamander

Redback Salamander


Eastern American Toad

Green Frog

Northern Spring Peeper

Pickerel Frog

Wood Frog

Did You Know?

Did You Know?

Six generals were killed or mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam - 3 Union and 3 Confederate. Today, the location where they were killed is marked by a mortuary cannon, a cannon barrel muzzle down in a block of stone.