The Massachusetts Monument was dedicated on 19 December 1901. It is located equally distant from the north-west corner of the prison and the North gate, and 42 feet from the site selected by the State of Ohio.
It is built of Quincy granite and consists of three base stones with a polished center surrounded by a rough stone arch. The front keystone is carved with the phrase "Death Before Dishonor." The rear keystone reads "Known Dead 767."
Did You Know?
Around 30,000 Americans were kept as prisoners of war in and around New York City during the Revolutionary War. Most of these prisoners were held in warehouses, churches, and on ships in nearby harbors. An estimated 18,000 (60%) died as prisoners from 1775 to 1783. Of those, over 10,000 are thought to have perished on prison ships, most notably the Whitby and the Jersey.