The Massachusetts Monument was dedicated on 19 December 1901. It is located equally distant from the north-west corner of the prison and the North gate, and 42 feet from the site selected by the State of Ohio.
It is built of Quincy granite and consists of three base stones with a polished center surrounded by a rough stone arch. The front keystone is carved with the phrase "Death Before Dishonor." The rear keystone reads "Known Dead 767."
Did You Know?
A small number of Andersonville prisoners were able to grow crops such as beans and corn. Prisoner diaries and sketches mention this fact and a photograph taken in the summer of 1864 shows corn stalks growing near a shelter. Such an undertaking would require constant guard and demonstrates that prisoners knew they might be captives at Andersonville for quite some time.