The Massachusetts Monument was dedicated on 19 December 1901. It is located equally distant from the north-west corner of the prison and the North gate, and 42 feet from the site selected by the State of Ohio.
It is built of Quincy granite and consists of three base stones with a polished center surrounded by a rough stone arch. The front keystone is carved with the phrase "Death Before Dishonor." The rear keystone reads "Known Dead 767."
Did You Know?
The Sultana was a steamboat on the Mississippi River that sunk on April 27, 1865, after its steam boiler exploded. Of the 2,400 passengers on board, an estimated 1,600 were killed. A majority of the passengers, a little over 2,000, were Union soldiers many of whom had survived Andersonville prison and were returning home. Most of these men had survived the horrors of Andersonville only to be lost in what became the greatest maritime disaster in the history of the United States.