In 1907 the legislature of the State of Illinois authorized a monument in memory of the state's 889 known dead at Andersonville.
The final design was the result of a collaboration between sculptor Charles Mulligan and state architect Carbys Zimmerman. The monument features a base and pedestal of Montello granite. The monument commission described the monument as consisting of:
On December 20, 1912 the Illinois monument was dedicated in the southwest portion of Andersonville National Cemetery.
Did You Know?
Andersonville prison was the deadliest prisoner of war camp during the Civil War with a total of nearly 13,000 deaths. Over 40% of all Union prisoners of war who died during the Civil War perished at Andersonville.