• North HillSide Photomerge

    Andersonville

    National Historic Site Georgia

Camp Sumter / Andersonville Prison

Detail from color lithograph showing the prison complex with shelters
Detail from "Bird's-eye view of Andersonville Prison from the south-east," 1890.
LC-USZC4-10808
 

The largest and most famous of 150 military prisons of the Civil War, Camp Sumter, commonly known as Andersonville, was the deadliest landscape of the Civil War. Of the 45,000 Union soldiers imprisoned here, nearly 13,000 died. At its most crowded, it held more than 32,000 men, where forced overcrowding compounded problems of supply and distribution of essential resources.

Each prisoner exerienced Andersonville on their own terms, meaning that the story of captivity here is a very complex one. The pages below explore some of the stories of Andersonville:

Did You Know?

Drawing of Civil War soldiers at the Andersonville prison deadline

The deadline at the Andersonville prison consisted of a rail about four feet off the ground that was situated nineteen feet from the stockade wall. Any prisoner who crossed this line with any part of his body was likely to be shot without warning by a guard in a guard tower.