Archaic Indians (6000 BC to 1 AD)



NPS/JCPappas and A. Garcia

Around 6000 BC, at the beginning of the Archaic period, the climate became drier and Ice Age mammals had become extinct. The straight-horned bison was no longer alive and the American bison didn't return until later in the Archaic period. The local American Indians turned to a variety of smaller game, such as deer and antelope, and gathered more plant foods. Alibates flint was still used for making a wide variety of stone tools. Spears and atlatls were still used; the bow and arrow would not be invented until around 700 AD.

Next--Early Prehistoric Indians

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