• Image of four aviators at leisure, playing cribbage

    Aleutian World War II

    National Historic Area Alaska

Unit Scrapbooks and Histories

hand-drawn cover of 54th fighter squadron history with aircraft

54th Fighter Squadron

September 3, 1942, marked the first operation by the 54th Fighter Squadron in the Aleutian Campaign, with a strafing mission over Kiska. As the campaign progressed, the squadron saw their focus change from Kiska to Attu, with their briefing from General Jones (Post Commanding General at Amchitka) telling them that "upon the successful completion of your missions may rest the reputation of the Air Forces - if not in the eyes of the world, certainly in the eyes of the infantry ... looking to you for help." Read the full history of the 54th Fighter Squadron.

 
73rd Bombardment Squadron

On June 4, 1942, this Squadron participated in attack upon enemy Task Force which was attacking Dutch Harbo~, Alaska. This was the initial operation of the 73rd in Alaska, though they saw extensive action in the campaign thereafter. Read the full history of the 73rd Bombardment Squadron to learn more about their operations and losses.
 
77th Bomb Squadron

The 77th Bomb Squadron served throughout the war in the Aleutians with operations on Attu, Adak, Amchitka and Umnak Islands as well as at Elmendorf Air Force Base in Anchorage. They flew the B-18, B-25 and B-26 aircraft. The squadron received the Distinguished Unit Citation for their Kurile Island Missions. One of the famous members of the squadron was Charlton Heston. Read the 77th Bomb Squadron history to learn more.
 

 
Patrol Bombing Squadron 139 (VP-139)

This Navy Patrol Squadron made a mark on history with its patrols and bombing missions to the Japanese Kurile Islands. From Attu the squadron flew these dangerous missions, fending off enemy fighters in the air, attacks from ground forces and shipping. Weather was always an issue and with no refueling capability VP-139 aircraft were flying to the limits of their fuel reserves. Shot up or low on fuel many went missing while others were forced to land on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula and suffer internment. Read more about the history of the squadron in the 1945 historical survey, chronology, and war diary.


Did You Know?

Photo of a building, parking lot

The Ounalashka Corporation was established in 1973 as the Alaska Village Corporation for Unalaska. This corporation was one of many Native Alaskan corporations that were formed under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971.