The Yellowstone Resources and Issues Handbook, updated annually, is the book our rangers use to answer many basic park questions.
Al-Chokhachy, R., J. Alder, S. Hostetler, R. Gresswell, B. Shepard. 2013. Thermal controls of Yellowstone cutthroat trout and invasive fishes under climate change. Global Change Biology 19, 3069–3081, doi: 10.1111.
Allen, C. D., A. K. Macalady, H. Chenchouni, D. Bachelet, N. McDowell, M. Vennetier, T. Kitz- berger, A. Rigling, D. D. Breshears, E. H. Hogg, and others. 2010. A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest Ecology and Management 259:660–684.
Anderson, C. (editor). 2011. Questioning Greater Yellowstone’s future: Climate, land use, and invasive species: Proceedings of the 10th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Yellowstone National Park, WY, and Laramie, WY: Yellowstone Center for Resources and University of Wyoming William D. Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources.
Anderson, L., C. E. Carlson, and R. H. Wakimoto. 1987. Forest fire frequency and western spruce budworm outbreaks in western Montana. Forest Ecology and Management 22:251–260.
Bachelet, D., R. P. Neilson, J. M. Lenihan, and R. J. Drapek. 2001. Climate change effects on vegetation distribution and carbon budget in the United States. Ecosystems 4:164–185.
Baril, L. 2015. Birds of the Molly Islands: The “boom and bust” nesting cycle turns “bust only.” Yellowstone Science 23(1).
Bentz, B. 2008. Western US Bark Beetles and Climate Change. Available at https://www.fs.fed.us/ccrc/topics/bark- beetles.shtml. USDA Forest Service, Climate Change Resource Center.
Bingham, B., M. Britten, L. Garrett, P. Latham, and K. Legg. 2010. Enhanced monitoring to better address rapid climate change in high-elevation parks: a multi-network strategy. Natural Resource Report NPS/IMR/NRR—2011/285. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
Brown, T. J., B. L. Hall, and A. L. Westerling. 2004. The impact of twenty-first century climate change on wildland fire danger in the western United States: An applications perspective. Climatic Change 62:365–388.
Chang, T., and A.J. Hansen. 2015. Historic and projected climate change in the greater Yellowstone ecosystem. Yellowstone Science 23(1).
Flannigan, M., B. Amiro, K. Logan, B. Stocks, and B. Wotton. 2006. Forest fires and climate change in the 21st Century. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11:847–859.
Hansen, A., N. Piekielek, T. Chang, and L. Phillips. 2015. Changing climate suitability for forests in Yellowstone and the Rocky Mountains. Yellowstone Science 23(1).
IPCC, 2013: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 1535 pp. http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg1/
Kelsey, R. G., and G. Joseph. 2003. Ethanol in ponderosa pine as an indicator of physiological injury from fire and its relationship to secondary beetles. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33:870–884.
Littell, J. S., D. McKenzie, D. L. Peterson, and A. L. Westerling. 2009. Climate and wildfire area burned in western U. S. ecoprovinces, 1916–2003. Ecological Applications 19:1003–1021.
Logan, J. A., J. Regniere, and J. A. Powell. 2003. Assessing the impacts of global warming on forest pest dynamics. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1:130–137.
McKenzie, D., Z. Gedalof, D. L. Peterson, and P. Mote. 2004. Climatic change, wildfire, and conservation. Conservation Biology 18:890–902.
McMenamin, S.K., E.A. Hadly, and C.K. Wright. 2008. Climatic change and wetland desiccation cause amphibian decline in Yellowstone National Park. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(44):16988–16993.
McWethy D.B., et al. 2010. Climate and terrestrial ecosystem change in the U.S. Rocky Mountains and Upper Columbia Basin: Historical and future perspectives for natural resource management. Natural Resource Report NPS/GRYN/NRR—2010/260. www.fedgycc.org/documents/McWethy_et_al_2010_NPS_NRR260_Clim ate_Terrestrial_Change_RockyMtns_UprColBasin.pdf
Negron, J. F., B. J. Bentz, C. J. Fettig, N. Gillette, E. M. Hansen, J. L. Hays, R. G. Kelsey, J. E. Lundquist, A. M. Lynch, R. A. Progar, and S. J. Seybold. 2008. USDA Forest Service bark beetle research in the western United States: Looking toward the future. Journal of Forestry 106:325–331.
Olliff, T., G. Plumb, J. Kershner, C. Whitlock, A. Hansen, M. Cross, and S. Bishke. 2010. A science agenda for the Greater Yellowstone area: Responding to landscape impacts from climate change, land use change, and invasive species Yellowstone Science 18(2).
Raffa, K. F., Aukema, B. H., Bentz, B. J., Carroll, A. L., Hicke, J. A., Turner, M. G. and Romme, W. H. (2008), `Cross-scale drivers of natural disturbances prone to anthropogenic amplification: the dynamics of bark beetle eruptions. Bioscience 58(6), 501–517.
Ray, A., A. Sepulveda, B. Hossack, D. Patla, D. Thoma, R. Al-Chokhachy, and A. Litt. 2015. Monitoring greater Yellowstone ecosystem wetlands: Can long-term monitoring help us understand their future? Yellowstone Science 23(1).
Romme, W.H., and M.G. Turner. 2015. Ecological implications of climate change in Yellowstone: Moving into uncharted Territory? Yellowstone Science 23(1).
Running, S. W. 2009. Impacts of climate change on forests of the northern Rocky Mountains. Available at http://www.bipartisanpolicy.org/library/research/ impacts- climate-change-forests-northern-rocky-mountains.
Ryan, M. G., S. R. Archer, R. Birdsey, C. Dahm, L. Heath, J. Hicke, D. Hollinger, T. Huxman, G.Okin, R. Oren, J. Randerson, and Schlesinger, W. H. 2008. Land resources: Forests and Arid Lands. Pages 75–120 in P. Backlund, A. Janetos, D. Schimel, M. Walsh, editors. The effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity in the United States. A Report by the US Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.
Salazar, K. 2010. Secretarial Order No. 3289: Addressing the Impacts of Climate Change on America’s Water, Land, and Other Natural and Cultural Resources, Edited by US Department of the Interior.
Shaw, J. D., B. E. Steed, and L. T. DeBlander. 2005. Forest inventory and analysis (FIA) annual inventory answers the question: What is happening to pinyon-juniper woodlands? Journal of Forestry 103:280–285.
Swetnam, T. W., and A. M. Lynch. 1993. Multicentury, regional-scale patterns of western spruce budworm outbreaks. Ecological Monographs 63:399–424.
Tercek, M.T., A. Rodman, and D. Thoma. 2015. Trends in Yellowstone’s snowpack. Yellowstone Science 23(1).
Tercek, M.T., R. Stottlemyer, and R. Renkin. 2010. Bottom-up factors influencing riparian willow recovery in Yellowstone National Park. Western North American Naturalist 70(3): 387–399.
Thoma, D., A. Rodman, and M. Tercek. 2015. Water in the balance: Interpreting climate change impacts using a water balance model. Yellowstone Science 23(1).
Volney, W. J. A., and R. A. Fleming. 2000. Climate change and impacts of boreal forest insects. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 82:283–294.
Westerling, A., and B. Bryant. 2008. Climate change and wildfire in California. Climatic Change 87:231–249.
White, P. J., Robert A. Garrott, and Glenn E. Plumb. 2013. Yellowstone’s wildlife in transition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Whitlock, C. et al. 2007. A 2650-year-long record of environmental change from northern Yellowstone National Park based on a comparison of multiple proxy data. DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska–Lincoln. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/geosciencefacpub/2.