Bison Articles & Publications

Featured Publication

Yellowstone Bison: Conserving an American Icon in Modern Society
Edited by P.J. White, Rick L. Wallen, and David E. Hallac

Cover of bison book

This book examines the history of bison conservation and management in the United States, compiles the latest scientific information about Yellowstone bison, and discusses both the opportunities for and challenges to plains bison conservation within the Greater Yellowstone Area and across their historic range.

The authors outline the multi-jurisdictional partnerships tasked with successful bison management and offer a candid assessment for moving forward with bison conservation. The book is important not only for the information it provides, but for the framework it creates for engendering strong, diverse-stakeholder conservation partnerships in modern society.

Published by Yellowstone Forever (formerly Yellowstone Association).

Download a copy (4.6 MB PDF)
Purchase a copy (via Yellowstone Forever)


Forgacs, D., R. L. Wallen, L. K. Dobson, and J. N. Derr. 2016. Mitochondrial genome analysis reveals historical lineages in Yellowstone bison. PLOS ONE.

Frank, D. A., R. L. Wallen, and P. J. White. 2013. Assessing the effects of climate change and wolf restoration on grassland processes. Pages 195–205 in P. J. White, R. A. Garrott, and G. E. Plumb. Yellowstone’s wildlife in transition. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Freese, C. H., K. E. Aune, D. P. Boyd, J. N. Derr, S. C. Forrest, C. C. Gates, P. J. P. Gogan, S. M. Grassel, N. D. Halbert, K. Kunkel, and K. H. Redford. 2007. Second chance for the plains bison. Biological Conservation 136:175–184.

Gates, C. C., and L. Broberg. 2011. Yellowstone bison: the science and management of a migratory wildlife population. University of Montana Press, Missoula, Montana.

Geremia, C., N. T. Hobbs, P. J. White, J. A. Hoeting, R. L. Wallen, F. G. R. Watson, and D. Blanton. 2014. Integrating population- and individual-level information in a movement model of Yellowstone bison. Ecological Applications 24:346-362.

Geremia, C., P. J. White, R. L. Wallen, F. G. R. Watson, J. J. Treanor, J. Borkowski, C. S. Potter, and R. L. Crabtree. 2011. Predicting bison migration out of Yellowstone National Park using Bayesian models. PLOS ONE.

Geremia, C., J.A. Merkle, M. Hebblewhite, D.R. Eacker, R.L. Wallen, P.J. White, and M.J. Kauffman. 2019. Yellowstone bison engineer the green wave. Proceedings National Academy Sciences 116:25707-25713.

Geremia, C. 2020. Bison conservation update, November 2020. Yellowstone National Park, Mammoth, Wyoming.

Geremia, C. 2020. Status report on the Yellowstone bison population, October 2020. Yellowstone National Park, Mammoth, Wyoming.

Halbert, N. D., P. J. P. Gogan, P. W. Hedrick, J. M. Wahl, and J. N. Derr. 2012. Genetic population substructure in bison at Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Heredity 103:360–370.

Hedrick, P. W. 2009. Conservation genetics and North American bison (Bison bison). Journal of Heredity 100:411-420.

Jones, J. D., J. J. Treanor, R. L. Wallen, and P. J. White. 2010. Timing of parturition events in Yellowstone bison—implications for bison conservation and brucellosis transmission risk to cattle. Wildlife Biology 16:333–339.

Kamath, P.L., J.T. Foster, K.P. Drees, G. Luikart, C. Quance, N.J. Anderson, P.R. Clarke, E.K. Cole, M.L. Drew, W.H. Edwards, J.C. Rhyan, J.J. Treanor, R.L. Wallen, P.J. White, S. Robbe-Austerman, and P.C. Cross. 2016. Genomics reveals historic and contemporary transmission dynamics of a bacterial disease among wildlife and livestock. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/ncomms11448

Kilpatrick, A. M., C. M. Gillin, and P. Daszak. 2009. Wildlife-livestock conflict: the risk of pathogen transmission from bison to cattle outside Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Applied Ecology 46:476–485.

Meagher, M. M. 1973. The bison of Yellowstone National Park. Scientific Monograph Series, NPS, Washington, D.C.

Pérez-Figueroa, A., R. L. Wallen, T. Antao, J. A. Coombs, M. K. Schwartz, P. J. White, and G. Luikart. 2012. Conserving genomic variability in large mammals: effect of population fluctuations and variance in male reproductive success on variability in Yellowstone bison. Biological Conservation 150:159–166.

Plumb, G. E., P. J. White, M. B. Coughenour, and R. L. Wallen. 2009. Carrying capacity, migration, and dispersal in Yellowstone bison. Biological Conservation 142:2377–2387.

Schullery, P., and L. H. Whittlesey. 2006. Greater Yellowstone bison distribution and abundance in the early historical period. Pages 135–140 in A. W. Biel, editor. Greater Yellowstone public lands: proceedings of the eighth biennial scientific conference on the greater Yellowstone ecosystem. Yellowstone National Park, Mammoth, Wyoming.

Treanor, J. J. , C. Geremia, P. H. Crowley, J. J. Cox, P. J. White, R. L. Wallen, and D. W. Blanton. 2011. Estimating probabilities of active brucellosis infection in Yellowstone bison through quantitative serology and tissue culture. Journal of Applied Ecology 48:1324–1332.

White, P. J., and R. L. Wallen. 2012. Yellowstone bison—should we preserve artificial population substructure or rely on ecological processes? Journal of Heredity 98:1–12.

White, P. J., R. L. Wallen, C. Geremia, J. J. Treanor, and D. W. Blanton. 2011. Management of Yellowstone bison and brucellosis transmission risk – implications for conservation and restoration. Biological Conservation 144:1322–1334.


Last updated: April 25, 2023

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